Index:Unclos e.djvu

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Unclos e.djvu

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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Contents

Page
PREAMBLE 21
PART I. INTRODUCTION 22
Article 1. Use of terms and scope
22
PART II. TERRITORIAL SEA AND CONTIGUOUS ZONE 23
SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
23
Article 2. Legal status of the territorial sea, space over the territorial sea and of its bed and subsoil
23
SECTION 2. LIMITS OF THE TERRITORIAL SEA
23
Article 3. Breadth of the territorial sea
23
Article 4. Outer limit of the territorial sea
23
Article 5. Normal baseline
23
Article 6. Reefs
23
Article 7. Straight baselines
24
Article 8. Internal waters
24
Article 9. Mouths of rivers
24
Article 10. Bays
24
Article 11. Ports
25
Article 12. Roadsteads
25
Article 13. Low-tideel evations
25
Article 14. Combination of methods for determining baselines
26
Article 15. Delimitation of the territorial sea between States with opposite or adjacent coasts
26
Article 16. Charts and lists of geographical coordinates
26
SECTION 3. INNOCENT PASSAGE IN THE TERRITORIAL SEA
26
SUBSECTION A. RULES APPLICABLE TO ALL SHIPS
26
Article 17. Right of innocent passage
26
Article 18. Meaning of passage
26
Article19. Meaning of innocent passage
27
Article 20. Submarines and other underwater vehicles
27

Article 21. Laws and regulations of the

coastal State relating to innocent passage
27

Article 22. Sea lanes and traffic

separation schemes in the territorial sea
28

Article 23. Foreign nuclear-powered

ships and ships carrying nuclear or other inherently

8[edit]

dangerous or noxious substances ................................ 29

Article24. Duties of the coastal State .................... 29

Article25. Rights of protection of the coastal State ......... 29

Article 26. Charges which may be levied upon foreign ships . . 29 SUBSECTION B. RULES APPLICABLE TO MERCHANT SHIPS AND GOVERNMENT SHIPS OPERATED FOR COMMERCIALPURPOSES ................. 30

Article27. Criminal jurisdiction onboard a foreign ship ..... 30

Article28. Civil jurisdiction in relation to foreign ships ...... 30

SUBSECTION C. RULES APPLICABLE TO WARSHIPS AND OTHER GOVERNMENT SHIPS OPERATED FOR NON-COMMERCIAL PURPOSES ............................... 31

Article29. Definition of warships ....................... 31

Article 30. Non-co mpliance by warships with the laws and regulations of the coastal State ................ 31 Article 31. Responsibility of the flag State for damage caused by a warship or other government ship operated for non-commercial purposes .................................. 31

Article 32. Immunities of warships and other government ships operated for non-commercial purposes .................... 31

SECTION 4. CONTIGUOUS ZONE ............................... 31 Article 33. Contiguous zone ........................... 31

PART III. STRAITS USED FOR INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION ......................................... 32

SECTION1. GENERALPROVISIONS ............................ 32

Article 34. Legal status of waters forming straits used for international navigation ...................... 32

Article35. Scope of this Part ........................... 32

Article 36. High seas routes or routes through exclusive economic zones through straits used forinternationalnavigation ................... 32

SECTION2. TRANSITPASSAGE ................................ 33

Article37. Scopeofthissection ........................ 33

Article38. Rightoftransitpassage ...................... 33

Article 39. Duties of ships and aircraft during transit passage . . 33

Article 40. Research and survey activities ................. 34

Article 41. Sea lanes and traffic separation schemes in straits
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