Joy, William (1803-1867) (DNB00)

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JOY, WILLIAM (1803–1867), and JOY, JOHN CANTILOE (1806–1860), marine-painters, were brothers, born at Yarmouth, the former in 1803, the latter in 1806. Their father was for many years guard to the mailcoach between Yarmouth and Ipswich, and their mother's surname was Cantiloe. They were educated at Wright's Southtown academy in Yarmouth, where they showed an early taste for drawing, sketches by them of the school being engraved. From a room overlooking the sea in the Royal Hospital, Yarmouth, of which the barrack-master, Captain G. W. Manby [q. v.], gave them the use, they studied drawing and painting the sea and shipping. There is a drawing by them in the South Kensington Museum of the Royal Sovereign, with George IV on board, at Yarmouth in 1822. About 1832 they removed to Portsmouth,and were employed as draughtsmen by the government. They made a drawing of the lord high admiral, the Duke of Clarence, on the Euryalus at Spithead, which brought them into notice, and after some years they were able (with the help of the Earl of Abergavenny) to remove to London. The two brothers always worked together on the same pictures. Subsequently they moved to Chichester, thence to Putney, and eventually again to London, where John died in 1866. William then removed to the country, and died in 1867. Their work was of great merit, and esteemed for its vigour and accuracy. There are some good examples in the print room at the British Museum. They rarely exhibited at the London exhibitions.

[Palmer's Perlustration of Great Yarmouth, iii. 278; Redgrave's Dict. of Artists; Cat. Watercolour Collection, South Kens. Mus.]

L. C.