Land Ordinance of 1785 (supplement)

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Supplement to an ordinance entitled An ordinance for ascertaining the mode of disposing of lands in the Western Territory  (1788) 
Congress of the Confederation
A supplement to the Land Ordinance of 1785, enacted 9 July 1788.

Source:The Library of Congress

By the United States in Congress assembled.

JULY 9, 1788.

A SUPPLEMENT to an ORDINANCE entitled "An ORDINANCE for ascertaining the MODE of disposing of LANDS in the WESTERN TERRITORY."

WHEREAS it is found to be inconvenient to execute that part of the Land-Ordinance, passed May 20, 1785, which directs that certain proportions of lands be allotted to the several states, to be sold by the loan-officers in each State. And whereas, a sufficient quantity of lands, for satisfying the bounties due to the late army, was set apart by the act of Congress, passed the 22d of October last, whereby further drafts for satisfying military bounties in lands from the townships lately surveyed, are become unnecessary:

Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, That so much of the said ordinance, passed May 20, 1785, as ordains that certain parts of the townships therein directed to be surveyed, shall be drawn for in the name of the thirteen states respectively, according to the quotas in the last preceding requisitions, in all the States, in order that the same be sold by the said loan-officers; and also that the secretary at war shall take by lot from the townships when surveyed, certain proportions of land for the use of the late army, so far as the same respect future drafts, be and the same are hereby repealed.

Be it further ordained, That the board of treasury be and they hereby are authorised and directed to sell those parts of the seven ranges of townships surveyed in the western territory, which are not already sold or drawn for the use of the late army, in the same manner, on the same conditions, and under the same restrictions and limitations as were prescribed in the resolutions of Congress of April 21, 1787, except as to the place of sale, and the daily continuance thereof, which may be so far varied that the said board may commence the sales at New York or Philadelphia, and adjourn the same from time to time to any part or parts of the United States which they may judge most proper for the purpose.

Be it further ordained, That the secretary at war issue warrants for bounties of land to the several officers and soldiers of the late continental army who may be entitled to such bounties, or to their respective assigns or legal representatives, certifying therein the rank or station of each officer, and the line, regiment, corps and company in which the officer or soldier served.

Be it further ordained, That the geographer, by warrant under his hand and seal, appoint one surveyor to each of the two tracts or districts of land set apart for satisfying the said bounties by the act of Congress of the 22d of October last; and that the persons entitled to lands by virtue of warrants issued as aforesaid, shall be at liberty to locate them on any part of the two tracts of land set apart as aforesaid; provided that each location and survey shall be bounded on one side by one of the external boundaries of one of the tracts aforesaid, or by some prior survey therein, and the external lines of each survey shall run east and west, north and south, such parts thereof excepted as may border upon any river bounding the district, and the several surveys shall be in squares, unless where restrained by such river or by the lines of former surveys; and provided also, that in every location there shall be a combination of as many warrants as shall make the same at least six miles square, and no interstices shall be left between surveys less than six miles wide.

Be it further ordained, That each surveyor upon making any survey, shall protract and lay the same down in a general map to be kept and preserved, and shall make a record of each survey in a book to be kept for that purpose, and make out and deliver a copy of the survey certified under his hand, to the proprietor or proprietors thereof; and the surveyor shall retain in his hands all warrants by him laid out and located, until he can transmit the same to the board of treasury, which he shall do within one year after laying out the land, certifying thereon under his hand, that the same is satisfied. That the surveyors to be appointed as herein before directed, shall be entitled to receive for the services enjoined them by this ordinance, so much only as shall be allowed and fixed by the governor and judges of the western territory, and shall be liable to be displaced by the geographer for neglect of duty or other misbehaviour; in which case he shall supply any vacancy so happening, by a new appointment. That each surveyor who may be appointed under this ordinance, before he enters upon the duties of his office, shall take an oath or affirmation that he will justify and truly execute the trust reposed in him as surveyor of a district of land in the western territory, according to the best of his skill and understanding, without favor or partiality: which oath or affirmation shall be taken before the governor or either of the judges of the western territory, or one of the justices of the supreme court in any of the United States, and being duly attested, shall be transmitted to the secretary of Congress, to be by him filed of record. That the maps and records before mentitioned, shall at all times be subject to the orders of Congress, to be removed or deposited wherever they shall direct. That if any officer or soldier, or assignee or grantee of either, shall desire to have their bounty of land allotted in the townships or fractional parts thereof, lately drawn for the army by the secretary at war, out of the first four ranges of townships surveyed west of the Ohio, and shall cause such his desire in writing, together with his land warrant to be deposited in the office of the secretary at war, before the first of July, 1789: The said secretary shall cause so much of the said townships which have been drawn for the army, to be drawn for by lot, as will satisfy the warrants so deposited, for which surveys shall be made out and delivered to the several proprietors, signed by the geographer of the United States, which surveys shall be recorded in a book by the geographer, and lodged in the treasury office. And whereas lands are set apart for satisfying military bounties, not only in the said districts and townships, but also within the limits of purchases made by several companies:

Be it further ordained, That the persons who have purchased tracts of the federal lands, shall have credit for so much land as the warrants issued as aforesaid and delivered by them to the board of treasury cover; provided that in no case deductions on account of military bounties shall exceed one seventh part of the purchase.
Done, &c.
{Begin handwritten}Chas. Thomson{End handwritten}

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).