Mir Hardware Heritage/Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Mir Hardware Heritage by David S. F. Portree
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Acronyms and Abbreviations

This list includes Russian acronyms transliterated into English. English language explanations or translations are given in place of Russian. For example, in the entry TsUP below, TsUP is the transliterated acronym for the Russian phrase transliterated Tsentr Upravlyeniya Polyotom, but the English-language translation “Flight Control Center” is given.

Acronyms

Altair/SR
APAS
ARIS
ASAT
ASPG-M
ASTP

Block
Block
BST-1M
BTSVK

C
CANEX
CSM

D-module
DOS

ECOR-A
ERA
ESA
EURECA
EVA

F
FGB
FSM

HEXE

ICBM
ITSK
ITS-7D

JSC

K
KAP-350
KATE
KB
KF
KDU
Kr
KRT-10
KTDU

LAGEOS
L/D
LDEF
LM
LRS

M
MKF-6M
MKF-6MA
MKF-6M2
MMU
MT

N2O4
NA
NASA
NPO

ODU
OKB
Orlan-DMA
OST-1

P

RKK
RT-4

SAR
SDI
SDR
SOUD
SPARTAN
SRB
STS

T
TBS
TDRS
TKS
T1K
T2K
TM
TsUP
TTM
TV

UDMH
URI
UT

VDU
VEP

YMK

Altair/satellite relay
androgynous peripheral assembly system
X-ray sensor on ASPG-M platform
antisatellite
independently stabilized platform on Kvant 2
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

Proton fourth stage; LRS second stage
LRS first stage
multispectral telescope
computer used in Soyuz-T spacecraft

Cosmos
Canadian Experiments
command and service module

augmentation module
long-duration orbital station

synthetic aperture radar system used on Almaz radar satellite
French experimental structure deployed on Mir’s exterior
European Space Agency
European Retrievable Carrier
extravehicular activity

Ferry
functional cargo module
functional service module

high-energy X-ray experiment

intercontinental ballistic missile
infrared telescope
infrared spectrometer on ASPG-M platform

Johnson Space Center

Kvant
Earth-resources camera
multispectral camera
design bureau
Kvant with FSM
integrated propulsion system
Kristall
radio telescope deployed from Salyut 6
various Soyuz and Salyut main propulsion systems

Laser Geodynamic Satellite
lift-to-drag ratio
long-duration exposure facility
Lunar Module
Lunar Rocket System

modified
East German multispectral camera
East German multispectral camera
East German multispectral camera
manned maneuvering unit
Moscow time

nitrogen tetroxide
not applicable
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
scientific production association

integrated propulsion system
special design bureau
advanced spacesuit
solar telescope

Progress

Russian Space Corporation
X-ray telescope

Synthetic Aperature Radar
Strategic Defense Initiative
Satellite Data Relay Network
orientation and motion control system
Shuttle-Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for
solid rocket booster
Space Transportation System

Transport
Tokyo Broadcasting System
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite
transport logistics spacecraft
unflown, unmanned test version of Soviet L2
unmanned test version of Soviet L3 spacecraft
Transport Modified
Flight Control Center
wide-angle shadow-mask X-ray camera
television

unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine
universal tool for welding, soldering, cutting metal
Universal time

auxiliary thruster unit attached to Sofora girder
instrument for monitoring Mir internal conditions

manned maneuvering unit