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90 A Chinese Biographical Dictionary

of Eiangsi, but fell a Yictim to euniich intrigues, together witb Ton Wn. When a boy of fifteen, he carried a letter from hu father to |^ ^ Hsieh Ch4n ; and the latter, on coming to call next day, said, *^Toa haye an extraordinary son. I came to sec him, not yon.** Then, noticing that the court-yard was in a neglected state, he turned to Ch*6n Fan and asked him why he did not sweep it against the arrival of guests. ^'A hero,** replied the lad, ^^should sweep the empire, and not court-yards.**

218 Ch'ên Hao (T. pf :^. H. H^ and jj^ ^). A.D. 1261—1341. A native of |^ |^ Tu-ch'ang in Eiangsi, and son of an ofBcial in Hupeh. Author of the jjj^ gQ ^ |^ , an elaborate work on the Canon of Rites ^ which is still the text- book for the public examinations. He is also known as ^ ^ , from the situation of his birthplace. In 1724 his tablet was admitted to the Confucian Temple.

219 Ch'ên Hao . A.D. 1478-1519. A grandson of Prince ^ in Ning-ching, a scion of the Imperial family of the Mings. In 1507 he was restored to the title and dignity of which his grandfather had been deprived for misconduct, and was recognised as Prince Ning. After having enjoyed for years the favour of the debauched and extravagant monarch, Wu Tsung, to whom he owed his elevation, he took advantage of the confusion into which public affairs were thrown in 1519 by the Emperor*s whim of undertaking a progress through the southern provinces, to head a revolt. With a large body of adherents, he made himself master of a portion of the province of Eiangsi, and proceeded to lay siege to An-ch4ng. The Imperial commander, Wang Shou-jen, who had subdued an insurrection in Eiangsi in the previous year, at once devised measures for drawing away the insurgent army from the Yang-tsEe, lest an attempt should be made upon Nanking. He marched upon Nan-ch'ang Fu, the capital of