and she tried hard to keep him from OTer-study; but he managed to elade her watchfalness , and after becoming a pnpil of HstL Hflttan, graduated as chin shih and entered the public serrice. He was at one time employed upon the dynastic annals, and was the author of the ^ §E * ^^^ ^^ ^ collection of masterpieces in literature. He was also employed, together with J^ ^ Ch4u Yung, upon the reyision of the well-known ^ ]^, a phonetic dictionary containing over 26,000 characters arranged according to 206 finals under the four tones. Canonised as ^ ^ .
238 Ch'ên Pêng-nien 陳鵬年 (T. 北溟 and ). A.D. 1663— 1723. Graduated as chin shih in 1691, and became a District Magistrate in Ghehkiang, where he soon earned the reputation of an incorrupt oflBdal. In 1704 he became Prefect of Nanking, and in 1705 he was accused of treason and imprisoned. Thig caused a riot, and Ch'6n was sentenced to death, but was pardoned and summoned to Peking. In 1708 he was Prefect of Soochow, but in 1709 he was again summoned to Peking, and there employed in the Imperial Library. He rose by 1723 to be Director of the Yellow Riyer, and died at his post in consequence of illness brought on by exposure on the dykes. Wrote essays, inemoirs, and some poetry. Was one of the Five Devils (see ^dng Ch^in^jo). Canonised as ^ ^ .
239 Ch'ên Pin (T. . H. 眉山) A.D. 1655-1718. A Datiye of Euangtung, who graduated as chin shih in 1694, and serred mostly in the provinces. He managed by frugality and abstemiousness to live on his salary, and even to save money for public ^orkg. He was Governor of Fuhkien from 1716 until his death. The Em- P^Tor E^ang Hsi, when he appeared at an audience in 1715, exclaimed: 'Wby, this is surely some ascetic old priest!" But he nevertheless Appreciated his purity, which was free from all taint of meanness.Canonised as ^ Jlj^ , and included in 1730 in the Temple of Worthies.