to the latter, and for a time was well treated, and cleared the seas of other great pirates. Gradually however he became too powerful, and it was^ deemed necessary to restrain him by force. He was finally induced to surrender to the Manchu general in Fuhkien; and haying been made a prisoner was sent to Peking with two of his sons, Gh«ng f^ jgt Shih-^n and Ch6ng ^ j^ Shih-yin, together with other of his adherents,' all of whom were executed upon arrival.
268 Chêng Chin (or ). Died A.D. 1682. Eldest son of Kozinga, whom he succeeded in 1662. Summoned to aid E£ng Ohing-chung, he established himself on the coast of Fuhkien, and bf 1676 held Ghinchew, Ch'ao-chon Fu, and other important places. His generals lost them all in the following year; but in 1678 he inyaded Fuhkien in force, and carried everything before him, capturing the proyincial Commander-in-chief and 30,000 men at ^ 1^ Sbu-ch'6ng. EQs able general Liu Euo-hstlan was however hemmed in by vast armies and compelled to retreat to Formosa in 1680.
269 Chêng Ch'ing-chih (T. H. ). Died A.D. 1248. A native of the ^ Yin District in Chehkiang. He graduated as chin skih in 1210, and twenty-five years later had ^n to be Senior Minister of State. Throughout his career he was distinguished for probity and rectitude, but in later life he left BTeiything to the control of his wife and sons, with disastrous i^ts. Author of a literary collection entitled the ^ Jj^ ^ . He was posthumously ennobled as Prince, and canonised as J^ ^.
270 Chêng Chio 9th and 10th cent. A.D. An official, who graduated as chin shih^ and held high office under the T'ang, Liang, ind Later T'ang dynasties. In his youth he once planted a single hemp-seed, which straightway grew up before his eyes; and thiswas held to presage his future greatness.