176 A Chinese Biographical Dictionary
morality. His principle was simply oue of consistency. He refused to interpret words in a given passage in one sense, and the same words occurring elsewhere, in another sense. In the preface to his P9 # ^ -T" $ ^ ® #» published in 1745, ^ ^ Wang Pu-ch*ing (bom 1671) has the following passage: — ^'Shao Yung tried to explain the Canon of Changes by numbers, and Gh*£ng I by the eternal fitness of things; but Ghu Hsi alone was able to pierce through the meaning and appropriate the thought of the prophets who composed it.** His other best known works are the JSi ^^t^ ^ metaphysical treatise containing the essence of his later speculations, and the yJ^ ^ Lesser Learning^ a handbook for the young. He was ennobled as Duke, and canonised as ^, and in 1241 his tablet was placed in the Confucian Temple.
447 Chu Hsü . 4th cent. A.D. Governor of Hsiang-yang in Hupeh when it was besieged by the lieutenants of Fu Chien. His mother, heading a body of some hundred men, together with all the women of the city, proceeded to throw up an earthwork, afterwards known as the ^ \ ^ Ladies* Rampart, by means of which the enemy's assault was effectually repulsed.
448 Chu Huan (T. ^ i^). Died A.D. 238. A hot-tempered but brave and honest officer under Sun Ch^tlan. In A.D. 222 he was ennobled as Marquis for successfully repelling an incursion by Tgf jpi Ts*ao Jen of the Wei Kingdom.
449 Chu Huan (T. f^i^. H. :RB ^)- Author of the ^ f^ ^ E W ff ^ » * biographical dictionary of eminent officials, published in A.D. 1758.
450 Chu I (T. >frjl ^). Died B.C. 61. A pure and incorrupt official of the Han dynasty, who rose to be Minister of Agriculture. In early life he had been a petty Magistrate at 1j^ ^ T'ung- hsiang in Ghehkiang, and had so won the love of the people that