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Liszt, who was then at Weimar, surrounded by a very remarkable set of young musicians. It will suffice to mention the names of Billow, Bronsart, Klind worth, Pruckner, Cornelius, Joseph Joachim (concertmeister), Joachim Raff (Liszt's amanu- ensis) to give an idea of the state of musical things in the little Thuringian town. During the interval from 1850-1858 Weimar was the centre of the 'music of the future.' Liszt, as capellmeister in chief, with a small staff of singers and a tolerable orchestra, had brought out ' Tann- hauser ' and ' Lohengrin,' Berlioz's ' Benvenuto Cellini,' Schubert's 'Alfonso and Estrella,' etc. He was composing his ' Poemes symphoniques,' revising his pianoforte works, writing essays and articles for musical papers. Once a week or oftener the pianists met at the Alte Burg, Liszt's re- sidence, and there was an afternoon's 'lesson' (gratis of course). Whoever had anything ready to play, played it, and Liszt found fault or en-
couraged as the case might be, and finally played himself. Peter Cornelius used to relate how Liszt and his friends were taken aback when young Tausig first sat down to play. 'A very devil of a fellow,' said Cornelius, he dashed into Chopin's Ab Polonaise, and knocked us clean over with the octaves.' From that day Tausig was Liszt's favourite. He worked hard, not only at piano- forte playing, but at counterpoint, composition, and instrumentation. In 1858 he made his ddbut in public at an orchestral concert conducted by Billow at Berlin. Opinions were divided. It was admitted on all hands that his technical feats were phenomenal, but sober-minded people talked of noise and rant, and even those of more impulsive temperament who might have been ready to sympathise with his ' Lisztian eccen- tricities,' thought he would play better when his period of 'storm and stress ' was over. In 1859 and 60 he gave concerts in various German towns, making Dresden his head-quarters. In 1862 he went to reside at Vienna, when, in imitation of Billow's exertions in Berlin, he gave orchestral concerts with very 'advanced' pro- grammes. These concerts were but partially suc- cessful in an artistic sense, whilst pecuniarily they were failures. After this, for some years, little was heard of Tausig. He changed his abode frequently, but on the whole led the quiet life of a student. The ' storm and stress ' was fairly at an end when he married and settled in Berlin, 1865. Opinions were now unanimous. Tausig was hailed as a master of the first order. He had attained self-possession, breadth and dignity of style, whilst his technique was as ' infallible ' as ever. At Berlin he opened a school, ' Schule des hoheren Clavier-spiels,' and at intervals gave piano- forte recitals, of which his ' Chopin recitals ' were the most successful. He played at the principal German concert-institutions, and made the round of the Russian towns. He died of typhoid fever, at Leipzig, July 17, 1871.
Shortly before his death Tausig published an Opus I,' Deux Etudes de Concert. 1 With this he meant to cancel various compositions of pre- vious date, some of which he was sorry to see in
VOL. IV. PT. I.
the market. Amongst these latter are a piano- forte arrangement of ' Das Geisterschiff, Sym- phonische Ballade nach einem Gedicht von Strachwitz, op. I,' originally written for orchestra ; and 'Reminiscences de Halka, Fantaisie de concert.' A pianoforte concerto, which contains a Polonaise, and which, according to Felix Drae- seke was originally called a Phantasie, several 'Poemes symphoniques,' etc., remain in manu- script. Tausig's arrangements, transcriptions, and fingered editions of standard works deserve the attention of professional pianists. They are as follows :
Wagner : Die Meistersinger von Nttrnberg, vollstan- diger Clavierauszug.
Bach : Toccata und Fuge fur die Orgel in D moll : Choral -Vorspiele fur die Orgel ; Praeludmm, Fuge, und Allegro ; 'Das wohltemperirte Clavier,' a selection of the Preludes and Fugues, carefully phrased and fingered.
Berlioz : Gnomenreigen und Sylphentanz aus 'La Dam- nation de Faust.'
Schumann : El Contrabandista.
Schubert: Andantino und Variationen, Hondo, March e militaire, Polonaise melancolique.
Weber : Aufforderung zum Tanz.
Scarlatti : 3 Sonaten, Pastorale, und Capriccio.
Chopin : Concerto in E minor ; score and PF. part dis- creetly retouched.
Beethoven : 6 Transcriptions from the string quartets, op. 59, 130, 131, and 135.
' Nouvelles soirees de Vienne Valses caprices d'aprea Strauss.' 1-5. (These are pendants to Liszt's 'Soirees de Vienne' after Schubert.)
'Ungarische Zigeunerweisen' (fit to rank with the best of Liszt's ' Rhapsodies hongroises ').
Clement! : Gradus ad Parnassum, a selection of the most useful Studies, with additional fingering and variantes.
Tausig's ' Tagliche Studien ' is a posthumous publication, consisting of ingeniously contrived finger exercises ; among the many ' Indispensables du Pianiste,' it is one of the few really indispens- able. [E.D.]
TAVERNER, JOHN, was organist of Boston, Lincolnshire, and afterwards (about 1530), of Cardinal (now Christ Church) College, Oxford. Being associated with John Frith and other favourers of the Reformation, he was imprisoned upon suspicion of having concealed some (so- called) heretical books, but, by the favour of Wolsey, was released. His compositions consist of masses and motets, many of which are extant in MS. in the Music School and Christ Church, 1 Oxford, the British Museum, 2 and elsewhere. Hawkins printed a 3-part motet by him, 'O splendor gloriae,' 3 and Burney a 5-part motet, 'Dum transisset Sabbatum.' Morley includes him among the eminent musicians of his time. He died at Boston and was buried there.
Another JOHN TAVERNER, of an ancient Nor- folk family, son of Peter Tavern er, and grandson of Richard Taverner, who in the reigns of Ed- ward VI. and Elizabeth was a lay-preacher, and in the latter reign high-sheriff of Oxfordshire, was born in 1584. On Nov. 17, 1610, he was appointed professor of music at Gresham College upon the resignation of Thomas Clayton. His autograph copy of 9 lectures, part in Latin and part in English, delivered by him in the college
17 motets for 3. 4. 5, 6 voices.
a Among the most interesting are parts of a Mass for 6 voices. Gloria tibi, Trinitas,' copied by Dr. Burney, Add. MS. 11,687. a This is noted in the Christ Church Catalogue as ' partly by Tye.