Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/242

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


mrr

mrr the combinations mil' 'JIN & ijnN TOT" (vid. iftfQ, and with prep, njn'3, nin^>, ni.TD (Qr ■il»3, 'pt6, *t&&), do not give the original form. © and other Vrss follow the Qr. On the basis of Ex 20' Lv 24" HIIT was regarded as a nomen ineffabile (vid. PHl deV "» K °"" tl - la9 - 529 ), called by the Jews B#n and by the Sa- maritans NO" 1 !?. The pronunciation Jehovah was unknown until 1520, when it was intro- duced by Galatinus ; but it was contested hy Le Mercier, J. Drusius, and L. Capellus, as against grammatical and historical propriety (cf. Bo' *). The traditional "la/3* of Theodoret and Epiphanius, the WJ", ~in^ of compound n.pr. and the contracted form iT, all favour njTC (cf. ptifcp ^74 6 ; ^H" Is33 n )> v.Lag B ' m114 Baudissin 8,udieoll79<r -; Tj r stud. Bib. i.nr. For Jeve V Sta ZAW lm ' Sm ]) e lb. 1884 173 f. A Gn. Excnn. II. 2. on liter, of interpret, v. Nes EgCT Dr 1 c — Many recent scholars explain niiT. as Hiph. of mn (^n'n) the one bringing into being, life- giver (cf. njn Gn 3 s0 ) Schr HSch ; giver of existence, creator, Kue Tiele ; he who brings to pass (so already Le Clerc), performer of his pro- mises, Lag, Nes E888 (but Nes E|M1 inclines to Qal as KS Mt - * For - K *"■ v. infr.) ; or from 0*1 he who causes to fall, rain or lightning ES OTJCedI423 ' on>-«i.2.*« c f. We*""" 1 "'; 'Faller,' destroying foes, Sta GL429 (dubiously). But most take it as Qal of nin (= fVn); the one who is: i.e. tfie absolute and unchangeable one, Ri ; the existing, ever-living, as self-consistent and un- changeable, Di ; or the one ever coming into manifestation as the God of redemption, De Oehl ; cf. also ES Br "- lForKTB,!,1S76 , he will be it, i. e. all that his servants look for (cf. Ew '"*•), he will approve himself (give evidence of being, assert his being Dr lc17 )). I. mT is not used by E in Gn, but is given Ex 3 12 ' 15 as the name of the God who revealed Himself to Moses at Horeb, and is explained thus : "^V iTnK I shall be with thee (v 12 ), which is then implied in !TnN "IB'K rrns / shall be the one who will be it v 14 * (i. e. with thee v 12 ) and then compressed into iT^X v 14b (i.e. with thee v 12 ), which then is given in the nominal form ffiiT lie who will be it v 16 (i. e. with thee v' 2 ). Cf. Ew BTh " 837 ' 338 RS'- c - Proph - 3851 Other interpretations are : / am he who I am, i.e. it is no concern of yours (Le Clerc Lag r»u.Bi OT on.i M ^ . j am ^ tn j g is my m me), i n . asmuch as I am (X*K='?; AE JDMich "We IDThoi.MO-CM.p.HM.TJ) . jj; a J J am w}w J am> he who is essentially unnameable, inexplicable. — E uses miT sparingly by the side of DWN and DWKH in his subsequent narrative. The Ephraimitic writers in Ju S K use it in similar proportions. P abstains from the use of niiT until he gives an account of its revelation to Moses Ex 6 3 ; but subse- quently uses it freely. He gives no expla- nation of its meaning. He represents that ""H® ty was the God of the patriarchs. J uses mrr from the beginning of his narra- tive, possibly explaining it, Gn 21 33 by pN D?1J?, the evergreen tamarisk being a symbol of the ever-living God; cf. De Gn2i 33 . Else- where niiT is the common divine name in pre- exilic writers, but in post-exilic writers grad- ually falls into disuse, and is supplanted by D^rbti and ^IN. In Job it is used 31 t. in prose parts, and 12 9 (a proverb); not else- where in the poem. Chr apart from his sources prefers DWN and DWKn. Dn uses nin* only in chap. 9 (7 t.); Ec not at all. In the Elohistic group of 1/^42-83 it is used 39t. (see DWN). It occurs as the name of Israel's God MI 18 . It is doubtful whether it was used by other branches of the Shemitic family, cf. COT Gn 2 4b Dl r * ,58ff - n r stud.Bib.i.7ff. II. 1. m.T is used with Dvfat and suf- fixes, especially in D; a. with *pn?K in the Ten Words Ex 20 2 -" (5 t.) = Dt 5 6 '- 16 '; in the lawofworshipof JE, Ex23 19 34 24 ' 26 ; inD234t.; Jos i 917 9 924 (D 2 ); elsewhere Gn 27 20 Ex 15 26 (JE), Ju6 26 ; S & K 20 t. 1 Ch 11 2 22 1112 2 Ch 9 8 - 8 16 7 Is 7 11 37" 41 13 43 3 5i 15 55 6 Je40 2 + (3t.) H012 10 13 4 14 2 Am 9 15 V81 11 . b. with DfrfSfS in D 46 t.; D 2 28 t.; H 15 1.; P15T.: elsewhere Ex 23 s5 (E); 8 24 io 81617 (JE); Ju 6 10 1 S 12 1214 2 K 17 39 23 21 1 Ch 22 18 + (10 1. Chr) ^ 76 12 Je I3 16 + (5 t.) Ez 2O 6 - 7 - ,9S0 Jo2 13 + (6t.) Zc6 15 . c. with IJVjSk inD23t; in D 2 5 1.; Ex 8 6 (JE) Ex 3 18 5 3 S 22 ' 23 io 2526 (E) Ju ii !4 1 S 7 8 1 K 8 6759 - 61 - 65 2 K 18 22 19 19 = Is 3 6 7 37 20 , 1 Ch i3 2 +(i5 t. Chr) Mi 4 5 7 17 Is26 IS Je 3 22 + (i7t.) V20 8 90 17 (?; Baer *frf) 94 s3

5.8 .9.9 , 05 7 Io6 47 „ 3 6 I22 9 i 23 2 Dn plO.13.14 

d.c. DiTnS? Ex io 7 (J)Ex2 9 46 - 46 Lv26 44 (P) Ju 3 7 8 M iSi2 9 "i K9 9 2 K if ■»■»■">■» 18 12 2 Ch 3 1 6 33 17 34 s3 Ne 9 3 - 3 ' 4 Je 3 21 22 9 30 9 43 1 - 1 50 4 Ez 2 8 26 34 M 39 a28 Hoi 7 3 5 7 10 Zp 2 7 Hag i 1212 Zc 9 16 io 6 . e. with VnSs Nu 23 21 (E) Ex 32" (J) Lv 4" (P) Dt 17 19 18 7 1 S 30 6 1 K 5 17 11 4 15" 2 K5" 16 2 2 Ch i l + 13k Chr; Mi 5 3 Je 7* ^33 1J i44 15 146 6 Jon 2 2 . f. with I^U Nu 22 ' 8 ( JE ) Dt 4 6 18 16 26" Jos i4 8 - 9 2 S 2 4 24 1 K 3 7 5 1819