Descriptions of all families and genera of the Stylonuracea are included here, as well as lists of the species referred to each genus. The families included are: Dolichopteridae, Stylonuridae, Pageidae, Drepanopteridae, Kokomopteridae, Rhenopteridae, Laurieipteridae, Woodwardopteridae, and Hibbertopteridae.
Order Eurypterida Burmeister, 1845
Suborder Eurypterida Burmeister, 1845
Superfamily Stylonuracea Diener, 1924
Family Dolichopteridae Kjellesvig-Waering and Størmer, 1952
Genus Dolichopterus Hall, 1859
Diagnosis.—Dolichopteridae of medium size; test apparently smooth except for circular scales on certain appendages; prosoma subquadrate; lateral eyes situated close to anterolateral angles; ocelli centrally located; ventral doublure unknown; chelicera unknown, probably small, simple; second to fourth paired appendages stout, increasing in length posteriorly, spinous; fifth and sixth paired appendages with supplementary flat lobes on distal joints, ultimate joint forming a large claw in the fifth, and a broad, greatly enlarged lobe (paddle) in the sixth appendage, lateral margin of paddle slightly serrate; metastoma narrow, cordate anteriorly, truncated at base; male median appendage very long, two-jointed; female appendage very small, not well known; no appreciable contraction of metasoma; posterior tergites produced into wing-like epimera; telson spike-like (Kjellesvig-Waering and Størmer, 1952, p. 660).
Type species.—Eurypterus (Dolichopterus) macrocheirus Hall, 1859.
Distribution.—New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Saaremaa (Oesel), U.S.S.R., and England.
Stratigraphic range.—Ordovician to Devonian.
The following species are recognized for this genus:
|Dolichopterus antiquus Ruedemann, 1942||Ordovician||New York|
|Dolichopterus asperatus Kjellesvig-Waering, 1961||Devonian||Ohio|