��THE PAETS OF SPEECH.
��Or THE Substitute for the Article.
The general meaning of a noun is expressed by using its simple form; as, m a k o r o, 'a fish ' or ' fishes' ; t i b b i n, a 'bird ' or ' birds,' in a general sense ; k u 1 ai, ' wood,' or ' a stick.' To make these plural, the plural pronoun would be attached ; as, unni makoro, tar a makoro, 'this fish,' 'these fishes,' meaning that they are here present ; to express ' the fish' as au active agent we must say gali m akoro, 'this fish,' sc, did some action. And so also with respect to all nouns, as will be explained under the head of pronouns.
Ts'ouns are the * names of persons, things, actions, and places.' They are Proper, when used as the name of any individual person or tiling ; Common and Collective, when denoting the names of things singly or together; as, kiiri, 'man' oi' 'mankind'; karai, ' kangaroo ' ; makoro,' fish.' A pronoun attached shows the number, whether singular or plural. Nouns which describe par- ticular applications of the meaning of the verb are formed from the roots of their verbs ; e.y., w i, the root of the verb 'speak,' gives wiyellikan, ' one who speaks,' ' a speaker'; w iy ai y e, ' one who always talks,' 'a talker,' 'chatterer.' When names of things are appropriated to a person so as to be the person's name, that name must be declined in the first declension of nouns, to show it is the name of a person and not of the thing ; e.ff., tintig ' a crab,' belongs to the third declension, and the genitive would be t i n t i g - k b a, ' belonging to a crab ' ; but when it is the name of a person, its genitive would be t i n t i g - li m b a, ' belong- ing to Crab,' — Mr. or Mrs., according to the context. There are a few terminations of gender in certain nouns, but not generally; as, pori-b a i, 'a husband'; porikiin-bai, 'a wife'; yinal, 'a son'; yinalkun, 'a daughter'; but piriwal, means a 'king' or 'queen,' according to the gender of the pro- noun attached. To animals, in most instances, there are different