Page:Arte or Crafte of Rhethoryke - 1899.djvu/52
50 THE ARTE OR CRAFTE OF RHETHORYKE
Partes of an Oracion.
The partes of an oracion prefcribed of Rhetoriciens are thefe.
The Preamble or exorden.
The Tale or narracion.
The prouinge of the matter or contencion.
Of the whiche partes mencyon f hall be made hereafter in euery kynde of oracions, for they are nat founde generally in euery ora- cion / but fome haue moo partes / and fome leffe.
Of the Preamble.
[B ii a] Generally the Preamble nat alonly in an oracion demonftratiue / but alfo in the other two is conteyned and muft be fetched out of thre places / that is to lay of beneuolence / atten- cipn / & to make the mater eafy to be knowen / whiche the Rhetori- cians call Dociljte.
Beneuolence is the place whereby the herer is made willyng to here vs / and it is conteyned in the thynge that we fpeke of / in them whom we fpeke to / & in our owne perfon. The eafyeft and mofte vfed place of beneuolence confyfteth in the offyce or duety of the perfon / whan we fhew that it is oure duety to do that we be aboute.
Out of this place is let the preamble of faynt Gregory Naza- zene / made to the prayfe of faynt Bafyl-/ where he fayth that it is his duety to prayfe faynt Bafyll for thre caufes. For the grate loue and frendefhype that hath ben always betwene thew / and agayne for the remembraunce of the mofte fayre and excellent vertues that were in hym / and thyrdely that the churche myght haue an exam- ple of a good & holy Byffhop, ^f Trewly by our authours lycence me thynketh that in the preamble Nazazen doth nat only take beneuolence out of the places 1 of his owne perfon /but alfo oute of tht other two / whan he fheweth the caufe [B ii b] of hys duetye / for in prayfynge hys frende he dyd but his duetye. In prayfynge his vertues / he cam to the place of beneuolence of hym that he fpake of /as touchynge the example that the churche fhulde haue / it was for theyr profyte / and concernyng the place of beneuolence / taken of them that he fpake to. But our authour regarded chyefly the
1 B. place.