Page:Atharva-Veda samhita volume 2.djvu/558

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
1014
Indexes and other Auxiliary Matter

Pāipp. in its books xvi. and xvii. is a striking confirmation of the view that the Vulgate books viii.-xii. constitute a distinct unity subordinate to that of the whole saṁhitā. Even yet more striking is the fact that the material of the third grand division of the Vulgate, books xiii.-xviii., has been grouped by the Pāippalada text-makers into a single book, their xviii. The fact has already been noted above (p. clix) in its proper connection; and the details of the correspondence are given below, in the next paragraph. It will be noticed that while nearly all of the paryāya material of division II. appears in Pāipp., nearly all of that of division III. is no less noticeably lacking, although it is probably recognized in the case of books xv. and xvi. as a part of the text. Once more, the table shows interesting examples of the breaking up in Pāipp. of material which, although treated as a hymn-unit in the Vulgate (cf. vi. 28), is devoid of internal connection. As was noted above (pages cli and cliv), the put-together character of some of the hymns in vii. appears plainly here; and the added verse by which the Vulgate hymn in vi. transcends the norm is conspicuously absent in Pāipp.—I may add that the table gives a conspectus of the number of the verses of the individual hymns which will sometimes prove useful. In vii., although retaining the Berlin numbering, I have made shift to take account of the true division of the material into hymns (cf. the table at vii. 6, 45, 54, 68, 72, 76).⌋

Vulgate grand division III. and Pāippalāda book xviii.—This book fills just a trifle less than a dozen of the birch-bark leaves, namely leaves 228-239: its first verse (= first vs. of Vulgate xiv.) begins on the very last line of folio 227 b, and its last (= last vs. of Vulgate xviii.) ends on line 8 of folio 239 b with the vīpsā of Vulgate xviii. 4. 89 d, oṁ vittam me asya rodasī. The Pāipp. book falls between 313 a and 330 b of Roth's Kashmirian nāgarī transcript (p. lxxxi); but, in the citations which follow in this paragraph, reference is made, not to that transcript, but rather to the leaves of the birch-bark original as given in the facsimile, and the side of the leaf, recto or verso, is indicated by a or b, and the line by a number. The relations of Vulgate division III. to Pāipp. xviii. are obscured in the table on p. 1023 by the straggling verses of which account is there made; I therefore subjoin (p. 1015) a tabular statement designed expressly to make those relations clear. It will be observed, in the first place, that, on the one hand, the Vulgate books xiv. (wedding verses) and xvii. (Vishnu sun-hymn), and the first half of xiii. (Rohita sun-hymns) are given substantially in full in Pāpp.; and that, on the other, the paryāya-books xv. (Vrātya) and xvi. (Paritta) and book xviii. (funeral verses) are not textually given, but are merely acknowledged as a part of the text by the citation of a few representative passages; and that, moreover, so far as Pāipp. xviii. is concerned, the paryāya-hymn xiii. 4 and the hymn xiii. 3