Page:Biographies of Scientific Men.djvu/102

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BIOGRAPHIES OF SCIENTIFIC MEN

money in acquiring treasures from all parts of the world, and, moreover, he was a man who was always imagining himself ill. Linnæus, who was qualified as a medical man, and was also a botanist of renown, was recommended as the very man for Cliffort. Linnæus was offered a home and an income of 1000 florins a year. Cliffords gardens and hothouses were an El Dorado for Linnæus, and from this home he wrote and published his Fundamenta Botanica and Bibliotheca Botanica (1736). Both of these books established his fame, and attracted attention in all parts of Europe.

In the same year Linnæus visited England, interviewing Sir Hans Sloane, Philip Miller, and other botanists. After a short stay in England, he returned to Holland, and then commenced in earnest the system of classification which has made his name famous. During the year 1737 he published six works which diffused the revolution in botany from his Dutch home at Hartecamp throughout Europe. These works, several of which are classics, are replete in researches and philosophical and critical doctrines. In Genera Plantarum he described 935 species of plants, and the much discussed aphorism "that the characters do not give the genus, but the genus gives the characters."

Linnæus grasped the fundamental ideas of morphology, and he referred all the parts of the flower to leaves, arguing from the numerous transitions that the parts must