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of a protected work of art enjoys legal protection in all the countries of the Union, within the meaning of the Convention of Berne and the present additional act, as long as the principal right of reproduction of this work itself lasts, and within the limits of private con- ventions between those who have legal rights."
In the Berlin convention of 1908, artistic works were defined (art. 2, par. i) by specification as "draw- ings, paintings; works of architecture and sculpture; engravings and lithographs; illustrations; geographi- cal charts; plans, sketches and plastic works relating to geography, topography, architecture, or the sci- ences," — thus covering architectural works under general copyright. It was further provided by the convention of 1908 (art. 2, par. 4) that "works of art applied to industry are protected so far as the domestic legislation of each country allows." And article 3 provided: "The present Convention applies to photographic works and to works obtained by any process analogous to photography. The contracting countries are pledged to guarantee protection to such works."
By the interpretative declaration adopted at Paris in 1896, it was specifically provided (sec. 2) : " By pub- lished works must be understood works actually issued to the public in one of the countries of the Union. Consequently, . . . the exhibition of a work of art, does not constitute publication in the sense of the aforementioned Acts." In the Berlin convention of 1908 it was similarly provided (art. 4, par. 4) that "the exhibition of a work of art and the construction of a work of architecture do not constitute publi- cation."
In the Pan American Union, the Buenos Aires convention of 1910 covers artistic works on the samebasis as literary works, without special provisions.