master of the Franconia, to whose culpable negligence-it was imputed, was indicted for manslaughter and found guilty. Pollock deferred judgment pending the decision of the question of jurisdiction by the court for the consideration of crown cases reserved, and concurred with the majority of that court in quashing the conviction (Cox, Criminal Cases, xiii. 403). He took part in several other important decisions of the same tribunal. In the St. Paul's reredos case in 1889 he differed from Lord Coleridge, and his judgment was sustained by both the court of appeal and the House of Lords. Pollock was vice-president of the Rochester Diocesan Association, a member of the Commons' Preservation Society, and of the Board of Conservators of Wimbledon Common. He died at his residence, The Croft, Putney, on 21 Nov. 1897, leaving a well-merited reputation for sound law and unaffected piety, he married thrice : first, on 1 Sept. 1848, Nicola Sophia, second daughter of the Rev. Henry Herbert, rector of Rathdowney, Queen's County, Ireland ; secondly, on 25 May 1858, Georgiana, second daughter of George William Archibald, LL.D., M.R., of Nova Scotia ; thirdly, on 23 Dec. 1865, Amy Menella, daughter of Hassard Hume Dodgson, master of the court of common pleas and cousin of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) [q.v. Suppl.] He had issue by all three wives. His portrait, etched from a sketch made in court, is in 'Pump Court' for March 1884.
Pollock was joint author, with J.J. Lowndes and Sir Peter Maxwell, of ' Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Queen's Bench Practice Court : with Points of Practice and Pleading decided in the Courts of Common Pleas and Exchequer' (1850-1), London, 1851-2, 2 vols. 8vo. He was also joint author, with F. P. Maude, of 'A Compendium of the Law of Merchant Shipping; with an Appendix containing all the Statutes of practical utility,' London, 1853, 8vo ; 4th ed. by Pollock and (Sir) Gainsford Bruce, 1881. He wa? author of the following works : 1. 'The Practice of the County Courts,' London, 1851, 8vo (Supplements entitled (1) 'An Act to facilitate and arrange proceedings in the County Courts, 15 & 16 Viet. c. 54; together with the Absconding Debtors Act,' 14 & 15 Viet. c. 52, London, 1 852, 8vo. (2) 'The Practice of the County Courts in respect of Probate and Administration,' London, 1858, 8vo. (3) Equitable Jurisdiction of the County Courts,' London, 1865, 12rao) ; last edition, including supplements, revised by H. Nicol and H. C. Pollock, London, 1880, 8vo. 2. 'A Treatise on the Power of the Courts of Common Law to compel the production of documents for inspection ; with an Appendix containing the Act to amend the Law of Evidence, 15 & 16 Viet. c. 99, and notes thereto,' London, 1851, 8vo ; reprinted with Holland and Chandler's 'Common Law Procedure Act of 1854,' London, 1854, 12mo.
[Foster's Men at the Bar, and Baronetage ; St. Paul's School Adm. Reg. ; Law List, 1848 ; Celebrities of the Day (ed. Thomas), 1881, i. 60; Law Rep. Appeal Cases xii. p. xvii ; ib. 1891. p. 669; Vanity Fair, 9 Aug. 1890; Men and Women of the Time, 1891 ; Times, 22 Nov. 1897; Ann. Reg. 1876 ii. 175, 1897 ii. 194; Law Times, 11 Jan. 1873, 27 Nov. 1897; Law Journ. 27 Nov. 1897 ; Solicitors' Journ. 27 Nov. 1897 ; Brit. Mus. Cat.]
POTTER, THOMAS BAYLEY (1817-1898), politician, born on 29 Nov. 1817 at Manchester, was the younger son of Sir Thomas Potter, knt., by his wife Esther, daughter of Thomas Bayley of Booth Hall, near Manchester.
Sir Thomas Potter (1773-1845) and his brother RICHARD POTTER (1778-1842) were Unitarians and leading members of the Manchester school of liberals. They were among the founders of the 'Manchester Guardian,' and afterwards of the 'Times' (of Manchester), later called the 'Examiner and Times.' Thomas, after actively promoting the incorporation of Manchester, was elected its first mayor in 1838. During his second mayoralty, in 1839, he was knighted ; he died at Burle Hill, near Manchester, on 20 March 1845 (Gent. Mag. 1845, i. 562). A portrait of him is in the office of the lord mayor in Manchester town hall. His brother Richard, known as 'Radical Dick,' was elected M.P. for Wigan in the first reformed parliament in 1832 and again in 1835 and 1837 ; he died at Penzance on 13 July 1842 (Gent. Mag. 1842, ii. 429). The brothers founded the wholesale house in the Manchester trade so long known as 'Potter's,' and it became a rendezvous for political and philanthropic reformers. The business was first carried on in Cannon Street, and was removed to George Street in 1836. It was one of the rooms in the George Street premises that was called 'the Plotting Room.'Thomas Bayley Potter first attended Mr. John's school in George Street, Manchester. At the age of ten he went with his elder brother, John, to Dr. Carpenter's school at Bristol. Dr. Carpenter used to read aloud the parliamentary debates, and of about sixteen boys who attended during Potter's time eight became liberal members of parliament. From Bristol Potter went to Rugby under Dr. Arnold. While he was there the reform