Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 01.djvu/383

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Amyraut
Amyraut
369

tions and the unbroken friendship of Windham, he obtained in succession several valuable appointments in the colonial department; he thus acquired a position of independence, and he devoted the rest of his life to the illustration of English history through the medium of archæology. He soon joined the Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries, and, having become treasurer of the latter society in 1823, he very actively promoted its interests. He contributed fifteen valuable papers to the Transactions, which will be round in vols. xix., xx., xxi., xxii., xxiii., xxv.; and some time before his death he was appointed a vice-president of the society.

Amyot assisted in founding the Camden Society, and was one of its directors from 1839 until his death. He also largely aided the Percy, the Shakespeare, and other literary societies.

Besides those above mentioned, his writings include a description of Tewkesbury Abbey contributed to ‘Vetusta Monumenta’ (vol. v.), and an edition of ‘The Old Taming of a Shrew, upon which Shakespeare founded his Comedy,’ for the Shakespeare Society, printed in 1844.

Amyot was a favourite with all who knew him, well informed, accomplished, amiable, industrious. He collected a very fine library, and was always ready to give literary assistance. He died on 28 Sept. 1850.

Amyot married, about the year 1806, Miss Colman of Norwich, who bore him eight children. She died in 1848.

[Gent. Mag., N.S., xxxv.; Literary Gazette, 5 Oct. 1850; Athenæum, 5 Oct. 1850.]

E. S.

AMYRAUT, or AMAROTT, PAUL (fl. 1636–1662), divine, of German birth, was ejected in 1662 from the living of Munsley, in Norfolk. His name is first found at Ermington, in Norfolk. Here he was an early sufferer for his nonconformity. Of the Lutherans, he was pronouncedly ‘evangelical’ and anti-ritual. In 1636 he was cited before Wren, bishop of Norwich—a Laud in miniature—and ‘suspended’ for not ‘bowing at the name of Jesus.’ That was the bishop's answer to Amyraut's argument that Philippians ii. 10 gave no warrant for such ‘bowing.’ He was somewhat later of Wolterton, also in Norfolk, where also he was ‘deprived,’ as appears from the following entry in the register of the diocese of Norwich in the year 1638: ‘Decimo tertio die Julii anno Domini pred. Thomas Wolsey Clīcus in Artibus Magēr institutus fuit in Rectoriam pred. p. deprivacōem Pauli Amarott Clīci ult. incumbent.’ Thereupon he passed into Essex, but where has not been traced. He is next heard of in the House of Commons. When Captain Henrie Bell translated Martin Luther's ‘Table Talk,’ Laud refused him a license for its publication (1644). The House of Commons, having been informed of this, summoned Bell before them, ‘and did appoint a committee to see it and the translation, and diligently to make enquirie whether the translation did agree with the original or no.’ ‘Whereupon,’ Bell narrates, ‘they desired me to bring the same before them, sitting then in the treasurie chamber. And Sir Edward Dearing [Deering], being chairman, said unto mee that he was acquainted with a learned minister beneficed in Essex, who had long lived in England, but was born in High Germanie, in the palatinate, Mr. Paul Amiraut, whom the committee sending for, desired him to take both the original and my translation into his custodie, and diligently to compare them together, and to make report unto the said committee whether he found that I had rightly and truly translated it according to the original; which report he made accordingly.’ The book was then ‘licensed,’ and Amyraut's ‘report’ was prefixed to it. The great folio translation has an important place in English literary history.

In 1648 Amyraut had returned to Norfolk, and was then vicar of East Dereham, a living which, according to Walker's ‘Sufferings,’ had been ‘sequestered’ from a John Bretten. While at East Dereham he published ‘The Triumph of a Good Conscience’ (Rev. ii. 10), one of the rarest of later puritan books. From thence he was transferred to Munsley, in the same county, which had been ‘sequestered’ from John Tenison, father of the more famous archbishop of that name. It would seem that Amyraut was resolute in his nonconformity, and took no time to delay the sacrifice. Calamy and Palmer range him under 1662; but it is probable that he was ‘ejected’ under the act of 1660, as a few of the ‘two thousand’ were. He was ‘an old man’ at the time of his ejection, and he afterwards silently disappears. Christopher Amyraut, ejected from Buckenham (New), was, it is believed, his son. In his later days he was pastor of an ‘independent’ church at South Repps, where he died. He was author of ‘Sacramental Discourses upon several subjects’ and ‘A Discourse on the Life of Faith.’

[Calamy and Palmer's Nonconf. Mem. iii. 7; David's Annals of Evangelical Nonconformity in Essex, pp. 526–8; Sir Edward Deering's Notes, 25 Nov. 1644; Proceedings principally in the county of Kent (Camden Society, 1862); Col-

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