Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 07.djvu/166

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Brydges
Brydges
160

Grimston master of the rolls He published thirty six treatises chiefly on law among which are 1. 'Speculum Juris Anglicani or a View of the Laws of England,' 1673. 2. 'Jus Sigilli, or the Law of England touching the Four Principal Seals,' 1673 3. 'Jus Imaginis or the Law of England relating to the Nobility and Gentry,' 1673, 1675. 4. 'Jus Criminis or the Law touching certain Pleas of the Crown,' 1676. 5. 'Camera Regis or a Short View of London collected out of Law and History,' 1677. 6. 'Decus et Tutamen or a Prospect of the Laws of England,' 1679. 7. 'A Letter to a Friend on the royal authority,' 1679. 8. 'The Clergy vindicated,' 1679. 9. 'Summus Angliæ Seneschallus, a Survey of the Lord High Steward,' 1680. 10. 'Jura Coronæ His Majesty's Royal Rights asserted against Papal Usurpations,' 1680. 11. 'A Letter to a Friend on Sovereignty,' 1681. 12. 'A New Year's Gift for the Anti-Prerogative Men wherein is discussed the Earl of Danbigh's pardon,' 1682. 13. 'An Appeal to the Conscience of a Fanatick.' 14 'Ars transferendi or a sure Guide to the Conveyancer,' 1697. 15. 'Non Compos Mentis or the Law relating to Natural Fools Mad Folks and Lunatic Persons,' 1700. 16. Lex Spuriorum or the Law relating to Bastardy,' 1703. 17. 'A Declaration of the Divers Preheminences allowed unto the First born among His Majesty's Subjects the Temporal Lords in Parliament,' 1704. He also left thirty other treatises in manuscript He gave several of his own law treatises and some books to the libraries of Lincoln's Inn and the Middle Temple.

[Wood's Athenæ ed Bliss), iv. 519; Collier's Hist. Dict. vol. i.; Chalmers's Biog. Dict. vii. 211; Cat of the Tracts of Law by John Brydall (1711), ap. Rawlinson MSS. 4to. 3, 367; Marvin's Legal Bibliography, 145; Sweet's Law Catalogue (1883), 39.]

W. H.


BRYDGES, GREY, fifth Lord Chandos (1579?–1621), born about 1579, was son of William, fourth lord, by Mary, daughter of Sir Owen Hopton, lieutenant of the Tower [see Brydges, Sir John]. His father died on 18 Nov. 1602, his mother on 23 Oct. 1624 (Lysons, Environs, iii. 450). He was M.P. for Cricklade, 1597. He and his family were friendly with the Earl of Essex. A cousin, Elizabeth, daughter of his uncle Giles, third lord, has been identified with the fair Mrs. Bridges to whom Essex showed so much attention as to offend the queen (Sidney Papers). His father visited Essex at Essex House on the Sunday morning (8 Feb. 1600–1) of Essex's insurrection, but he was not deemed by the government far enough implicated in the conspiracy to prevent his sitting on the commission appointed to try the earl. His son, Grey Brydges, was, however, suspected of immediate complicity, and was sent to the Fleet prison with Cuffe and others after the insurrection (Lodge, Illustrations, iii. 120), but he was soon released. He succeeded his father in the barony (18 Nov. 1602), attended James I's parliament (19 March 1603–4), was made knight of the Bath when Prince Charles was created duke of York (January 1604–5), visited Oxford with James I and was granted the degree of M.A. (30 Aug. 1605), and attended Prince Henry's funeral in 1612. In all the court masques and tournaments Chandos took an active part. It was reported at court on 9 Sept. 1613 that a duel was to be fought by Chandos and the king's favourite, Lord Hay, afterwards Viscount Doncaster and Earl of Carlisle. On 2 July 1609 he was appointed keeper of Ditton Park, Buckinghamshire, for life. In 1610 he was appointed one of the officers under Sir Edward Cecil in command of an expedition to the Low Countries (News from Cleaveland, 1611). The emperor's forces were besieging Juliers, and the English had combined with Holland and France to protect the town. Lord Herbert of Cherbury was Chandos's companion through this campaign. Chandos lodged at Juliers with Sir Horace Vere, but does not seem to have taken much part in the fighting (Lord Herbert, Autobiography, ed. S. Lee, pages 112–13). On 27 April 1612 Lord Salisbury (Sir Robert Cecil) stayed with Chandos at Ditton on his journey to Bath, where he died on 24 May following. On 23 July of the same year Chandos visited Spa for his health. On 14 July 1616 there was some talk of making him president of Wales, and on 8 Nov. 1617 he was appointed to receive the Muscovite ambassadors then in England. His health was still failing, and after a trial in 1618 of the waters of Newenham Mills in Warwickshire, he returned to Spa, where he died suddenly on 10 Aug. 1621. His body was brought to Sudeley and there buried. Lucy, countess of Bedford, writing on 30 Aug. 1621, states that his death was hastened by the Spa waters. An elegy was written by Sir John Beaumont. A few years before his death he married Anne, daughter of Ferdinando Stanley, earl of Derby, by whom he had two sons, George and William. His widow afterwards became the second wife of the infamous Earl of Castlehaven.

Chandos lived sumptuously at Sudeley Castle; thrice a week his house was open to his neighbours; he was lavish in his gene-