Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 32.djvu/37

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Lamplugh
Lamplugh
31

leian). To the second edition (1661) of his friend John Masters's 'Monarchia Britannica,' an oration given in New College Chapel on 6 April 1642 (1st edit. 1661), Lamphire added an oration by Henry Savile [q. v.] He is also said to have published 'Quæstiones in Logica, Ethica, et Metaphysica' (Oxford, 1680) by Robert Pink or Pinck, and he edited Henry Wotton's 'Plausus et Vota ad Regem de Scotia reducem in Monarchia' (Oxford, 1681). He was an executor to Jasper Mayne [q. v.], and with South put a stone over his grave in Christ Church Cathedral.

[Wood's Athenæ, ed. Bliss, i. 710, ii. 314, 646, iii. 86, 188-9, 336, 973, iv. 480; Autobiography prefixed, xxv. xxxvi, lxiv, lxix, xcvi, &c ; Wood's Fasti, i. 506,. ii. 235; Wood's Hist, of Oxf. Univ.(Gutch). pp. 233, 647, 681; Le Neve's Fasti. iii. 525, 583, 589; Kennett's Register. pp. 153, 332, 392; Barrow's Register of Visitors to the Univ. of Oxford. Camden Soc.]

E. T. B.


LAMPLUGH, THOMAS (1616–1691), successively bishop of Exeter and archbishop of York, the son of Thomas Lamplugh, a member of an old Cumberland family seated at Dovenby in the parish of Bridekirk, was born in 1615 at Octon in the parish of Thwing in the East Riding of Yorkshire. He was educated at St. Bees School, whence he passed in 1634 to Queen's College, Oxford, where he was first servitor, then tabarder, and ultimately fellow. He graduated B.A. 4 July 1639, M.A. 1 Nov. 1642, B.D. 23 July 1657, D.D., by royal mandate, 9 Nov. 1660. In 1648, when the parliamentary visitors reorganised the university, he took the covenant and retained his fellowship. But Hearne speaks of him as ‘a man of good character for his loyalty and integrity in those bad times;’ his sermons at Carfax, at which he was appointed lecturer, were attended by ‘all the honest loyal men in Oxford’ (Collections, Oxf. Hist. Soc., ii. 48). Fell also records to his praise that he was ‘the only parochial minister of Oxford who discountenanced schismatical and rebel teaching, and had the courage and loyalty to own the doctrines of the church of England in the worst of times’ (Life of Allestree, p. 14). He assisted Skinner, bishop of Oxford, at the numerous ordinations held by him privately during the protectorate, and is said to have made not less than three hundred journeys for that purpose from Oxford to Launton, where the bishop resided (Plumptre, Life of Ken, i. 54 n.). On the Restoration he was able to throw off all disguise and declare himself an ardent loyalist. He was appointed on the royal commission of 1660 for reinstating the members of the university who had been ejected by the parliamentary visitors, in which he exhibited a rather immoderate zeal. Wood says that as he had been ‘a great cringer to Presbyterians and Independents,’ he now followed the same course to ‘the prelates and those in authority,’ and ‘that he might prove himself a true royalist got himself made royal commissioner, and showed himself more zealous than any of them, until by flatteries and rewards (bribes) he shuffled himself into considerable note’ (Life and Times, Oxf. Hist. Soc., i. 365). Wood adds that he was ‘a northern man, and therefore not without great dissimulation, a forward man, always sneaking’ (ib.) The rewards for this well-timed zeal were not slow in coming. He received the livings of Binfield, Berkshire, and Charlton-on-Otmoor (which latter he held in commendam after his elevation to the episcopate), and was elected proctor in convocation for the clergy of Oxfordshire in 1661 (Kennett, Register, p. 481). In 1663 he was appointed by the king (sede vacante) to the archdeaconry of Oxford, but his title to the office was successfully disputed by Dr. Thomas Barlow [q. v.], afterwards bishop of Lincoln, at the assizes of that year (Wood, Athenæ, iv. 334). His disappointment was not of long duration. On 27 May 1664 he was appointed to succeed Dr. Dolben as archdeacon of London; in August of the same year he received the principalship of St. Alban Hall. Wood says that he ‘had a wife; looked after preferment; neglected the hall’ (Life and Times, ii. 19). In May 1669 he was made prebendary of Worcester, and in July 1670 was collated to the vicarage of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. In March 1672–3 he was promoted to the deanery of Rochester, and in 1676, on the translation of Sparrow from Exeter to Norwich, he was appointed, by the influence of Sir Joseph Williamson, to the vacant see.

As bishop of Exeter, Lamplugh's conduct was exemplary. He promoted the repair of the parish churches in his diocese, which had suffered much during the puritan sway, and in his own cathedral caused the monuments of his predecessors to be restored to their original places. He regularly attended the cathedral services thrice daily, and was present at a fourth service in his own private chapel. He showed great moderation towards the nonconformist clergy of his diocese, stopping proceedings against them when it was in his power to do so, and dismissing them free of costs. Seeking to win them over by argument, he urged them to study Hooker Calamy, Account, pp, 29, 216 ; Continuation, pp. 128, 394, 453; Kennett, Register, pp. 814, 819, 917). He liberally entertained his clergy, to whom he showed a fatherly kindness. The statement that he and two other