Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 40.djvu/325

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mezzotint engraving of Newcomb by J. Faber, after Hawkins, was prefixed to his ‘Last Judgment,’ 1723.

Besides the works already mentioned, Newcomb published: 1. ‘To her late Majesty, Queen Anne, upon the Peace of Utrecht.’ 2. ‘An Ode to the Memory of Mr. Rowe.’ 3. ‘The Latin Works of the late Mr. Addison, in prose and verse, translated into English.’ 4. A translation of Philips's ‘Ode to Henry St. John.’ 5. ‘The Manners of the Age, in thirteen Moral Satires.’ 6. ‘An Ode to the Queen on the Happy Accession of their Majesties to the Crown,’ 1727. 7. ‘An Ode to the Right Hon. the Earl of Orford, in retirement,’ 1742. 8. ‘A Collection of Odes and Epigrams, occasioned by the Success of the British and Confederate Arms in Germany,’ 1743. 9. ‘An Ode inscribed to the Memory of the late Earl of Orford,’ 1745. 10. ‘Two Odes to His Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland,’ 1746. 11. ‘A Paraphrase on some select Psalms.’ 12. ‘Carmen Seculare.’ 13. ‘A Miscellaneous Collection of Original Poems.’ 14. ‘The Consummation, a sacred Ode on the final Dissolution of the World,’ 1752. 15. ‘Vindicta Britannica, an Ode on the Royal Navy, inscribed to the King,’ 1759. 16. ‘The Retired Penitent, being a Poetical Version of the Rev. Dr. Young's Moral Contemplations. … Published with the consent of that learned and eminent Writer,’ 1760. 17. ‘A Congratulatory Ode to the Queen on her Voyage to England,’ 1761. 18. ‘On the Success of the British Arms, a congratulatory Ode addressed to his Majesty,’ 1763. 19. ‘The Death of Abel, a sacred Poem, written originally in the German Language,’ 1763. 20. ‘Mr. Hervey's Meditations and Contemplations, attempted in Blank Verse,’ 1764 (2 vols.); a portion had already been issued in 1757.

[Jacob's Poetical Register, 1723, ii. 118–19; Nichols's Select Collection of Poems, 1780–1, iii. 19–74, iv. 355–6, vii. 161–76; list of books by the author at the end of ‘The Consummation;’ information furnished by the Rev. W. Newman, the Rev. D. Llewelyn-Davies, Mr. P. H. Harding, and Mrs. Guise; Rawlinson MS. (Bodleian) i. 451, xviii. 144.]

G. A. A.

NEWCOMBE, THOMAS, the elder (1627–1681), king's printer to Charles II, was born at Dunchurch, Warwickshire, in 1627. Between 1656 and April 1660 he was the proprietor and printer of the ‘Mercurius Publicus’ and the ‘Parliamentary Intelligencer.’ On 26 May 1657 he produced at Thames Street the first number of the ‘Public Advertiser,’ a weekly newspaper consisting almost entirely of advertisements and shipping intelligence. From about 1665 he reprinted the ‘Oxford Gazette’ under the title of the ‘London Gazette,’ which up to 19 July 1688 is entered in the ‘Stationers' Register’ as the property of ‘Thomas Newcombe of the Savoy.’ He was also the proprietor of the ‘Public Intelligencer.’ On 24 Dec. 1675 the patent of king's printer ‘for the printing of all bibles, new testaments, books of common prayer, of all translations, statutes, with notes or without, abridgments of the same, proclamations and injunctions,’ was granted to Thomas Newcombe and Henry Hills for thirty years, commencing after the various terms previously granted to Charles and Matthew Barker, which began 10 Jan. 1679, and came to an end 10 Jan. 1709. The patent of Newcombe and Hills consequently expired in 1739, when it was assigned by their executors to John Baskett [q. v.] and others.

The third volume of Dugdale's ‘Monasticon’ was printed by Newcombe in 1673. He was called to the bar of the House of Commons on 7 Nov. 1678 to account for a material error in a translation of the ‘Gazette’ into French (Journals of the House of Commons, ix. 534). He explained that the error was due to his translator, M. Moranville. He was an office-bearer of the company of Stationers, and left the company a silver bowl. He died 26 Dec. 1681, in his fifty-fifth year, and was buried at Dunchurch, where, in the south aisle of the church, a tablet was erected by his son. His widow, ‘Mrs. Dorothy Hutchinson,’ died 28 Feb. 1718.

Thomas Newcombe the younger (d. 1691), king's printer to Charles II, James II, and William III, son of the above, died 27 March 1691, and was buried at Dunchurch, Warwickshire. He left money to build almshouses at Dunchurch.

[Colvile's Warwickshire Worthies [1870] pp. 541–3; Dugdale's Warwickshire, 1730, i. 285; Andrews's History of British Journalism, 1859, i. 49, 65–6; Bourne's History of Newspapers, 1887, i. 23, 39; Hansard's Typographia, 1825, pp. 179–82; Timperley's Encyclopædia, 1842, pp. 525, 561–2; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. ix. 551, Illustr. Lit. Hist. iv. 204, Library Chronicle, ii. 165.]

H. R. T.

NEWCOME, HENRY (1627-1695), nonconformist minister, fourth son of Stephen Newcome, rector of Caldicote, Huntingdonshire, was born at Caldicote, and baptised on 27 Nov. 1627. His mother was Rose, daughter of Henry Williamson, B. D. (a native of Salford; rector of Conington, Cambridgeshire), and granddaughter of Thomas Sparke, D. D. [q. v.], one of the puritan divines at the