Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 40.djvu/37

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Separation,' 4to, 1680, published under the pseudonym of 'Philirenes.' It was republished in 1682 and 1689, with a second and a third part added by Robert Ware. 7. 'The Present Interest of England, or a Confutation of the Whiggish Conspirators' Antinomian Principles,' 1683, 4to, by N. N. (attributed to Nalson in the Bodleian and British Museum catalogues).

Nalson translated from the French: 1. Maimbourg's 'History of the Crusades,' folio, 1686. 2. 'A Short Letter of Instruction shewing the surest way to Christian Perfection, by Francis de la Combe' (Rawlinson MS. C. 602, Bodleian Library).

Some letters from Roger L'Estrange to Nalson concerning his pamphlets are printed by Nichols, iv. 68-70, and a series of news-letters addressed to him by John Brydall, together with letters from Nalson himself to Sancroft and others, are among the Tanner MSS. in the Bodleian Library.

[A brief life of Nalson is given in Athenae Oxon. ed. Bliss, iv. 283, under 'Rushworth.' See also Nichols's Illustrations of the Literary History of the Eighteenth Century, iv. 68, 865; Lit. Anecd. ii. 549, viii. 415; Waters's Chesters of Chicheley, pp. 320-1; other authorities mentioned in the article.]

C. H. F.

NALTON, JAMES (1600?–1662), ‘the weeping prophet,’ born about 1600, son of a London minister, was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, whence he graduated B.A. in 1619, and M.A. in 1623. According to Baxter, he acted for a time as assistant to a certain Richard Conder, either in or near London, and in 1632 he obtained the living of Rugby, in Warwickshire. In 1642 he signed a petition addressed to Lord Dunsmore respecting the appointment of a master to the grammar school, which was not only rejected, but was apparently the cause of his leaving Rugby. He subsequently acted as chaplain to Colonel Grantham's regiment; but about 1644 he was appointed incumbent of St. Leonard's, Foster Lane, London, where he remained, with a short interval, until his death. On 29 April 1646 he preached before the House of Commons at St. Margaret's, Westminster, on ‘The Delay of Reformation provoking God's further Indignation’ (London, 1646, 8vo), his fellow preacher on this occasion being Dr. John Owen [q. v.] In 1651 Nalton was indirectly concerned in Love's plot [see Love, Christopher], and had to take refuge in Holland, becoming for a short period one of the ministers of the English Church at Rotterdam; but he returned to England by permission at the end of six months, and resumed his work at St. Leonard's until he was ejected in 1662. He died in December of that year, and was buried on 1 Jan. 1662–3. His funeral sermon, entitled ‘Rich Treasure in Earthen Vessels,’ was preached by Thomas Horton (d. 1673) [q. v.]

Nalton is described by Baxter as a good linguist, a man of primitive sincerity, and an excellent and zealous preacher. He was called the ‘weeping prophet’ because ‘his seriousness often expressed itself by tears.’ He seems also to have been subject to an acute form of melancholia. ‘Less than a year before he died,’ writes Baxter, ‘he fell into a grievous fit, in which he often cried out, “O not one spark of grace! not a good desire or thought! I can no more pray than a post” (though at that very time he did pray very well).’

He was the first signatory of the preface to Jeremiah Burroughes's ‘Saint's Treasury,’ 1654, and he himself published several separate sermons. Twenty of these, with a highly eulogistic preface and a portrait engraved by J. Chantrey, were issued by Matthew Poole [q. v.], London, 1677, 8vo. Another portrait of Nalton preaching is mentioned by Bromley.

[Calamy and Palmer's Nonconformist's Memorial, 1802, i. 142–4; Baxter's Life and Times in Orme's edition, i. 243–4; Colvile's Warwickshire Worthies, p. 540; Inderwick's Interregnum, pp. 286 sq.; Granger's Biog. Hist. of England, 1779, iii. 47; Bloxam's Register of the Vicars of Rugby, appended to Derwent Coleridge's edition of Moultrie; m'Clintock and Strong's Cyclopædia, vi. 835; Allibone's Dict. of English Literature, 1397.]

T. S.

NANFAN or NANPHANT, Sir RICHARD (d. 1507), deputy of Calais, son of John Nanfan of Birtsmorton, Worcestershire, belonged to a family which originally sprang from Tresize, Cornwall. His father was sheriff of Cornwall in 1451 and 1457, and in 1453 became governor of Jersey and Guernsey, and collector of the customs there. Richard Nanfan was in the commission of the peace for Cornwall in 1485, and is said to have been esquire of the king's body in the same year. Throughout Henry VII's reign he received frequent grants of stewardships, and must have become very rich in later life. On 21 Dec. 1488 he was elected, in company with Dr. Savage and Roger Machado [q. v.], the Norroy king at arms, for a mission into Spain and Portugal. Before starting Nanfan was knighted. The party left Southampton early in 1489, and reached Medina del Campo on 12 March. They had interviews with Ferdinand and Isabella, and left for Beja in Portugal on 22 April. After staying a month there and treating with the king the party left for Lisbon, and Nanfan