Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 46.djvu/132

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in 1738 edition of ‘Works,’ but afterwards withdrawn). 34. ‘On the Characters of Women: an Epistle to a Lady,’ 1735 (second moral essay). 35. Second volume of Pope's ‘Works,’ adding those published since 1717, and including for the first time the ‘Satires of Dr. Donne versified by the same hand,’ 1735. 36. ‘Letters of Mr. Pope and several Eminent Persons,’ 2 vols. 8vo (always put up together). This is the original ‘P. T.’ edition (see above), and occurs in several forms, due to Pope's manipulations of the printing, and his use of the Wycherley volume (see No. 25). It was also printed in 12mo, with the ‘Narrative of the Method by which Mr. Pope's Letters were procured.’ Curll reprinted this as ‘Mr. Pope's Literary Correspondence for Thirty Years,’ 1735; there are two octavo editions and a 12mo edition. Curll published four more volumes called ‘Mr. Pope's Literary Correspondence,’ which really contained no letters of Pope's, but gave opportunities for annoying him. See ‘Works,’ vol. vi. pp. xlix–lviii for a full account. Two other editions are mentioned by Pope in his ‘Catalogue of Surreptitious Editions’ in 1737. Cooper published another in June 1735, with Pope's connivance, which is not mentioned in the ‘Catalogue.’ The first avowed edition appeared on 18 May 1737 in folio and quarto, and afterwards octavo; and the fifth and sixth volumes of the octavo edition of Pope's ‘Works,’ containing the ‘Correspondence,’ was printed at the same time. 37. ‘The First Epistle of the First Book of Horace, imitated by Mr. Pope,’ the sixth epistle of the first book, the first epistle of the second book, the second epistle of the second book, and the ode to Venus, appeared separately in 1737. 38. ‘The Sixth Satire of the Second Book of Horace, the first part … by Dr. Swift. The latter part … now added [by Pope],’ 1738, fol. 39. ‘One Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-Eight; a dialogue something like Horace,’ and ‘One Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-Eight, Dialogue II,’ 1738; afterwards called ‘Epilogue to the Satires.’ 40. ‘Selecta Poemata Italorum qui Latine scripserunt, cura cujusdam anonymi anno 1684 congesta, iterum in lucem data, una cum aliorum Italorum operibus, accurante A. Pope,’ 2 vols. 1740. 41. ‘Works in Prose,’ vol. ii., containing the Swift correspondence (with the ‘Memoirs of Scriblerus’), 1741.

A ‘Supplement’ to Pope's ‘Works’ was published in 1757, and ‘Additions’ in 1776. These include the ‘Three Hours after Marriage,’ attributed to Pope, Gay, and Arbuthnot, and the poems suppressed on account of indecency. A ‘Supplemental Volume,’ published in 1825, is chiefly composed of trifling letters from the Homer MSS. in the British Museum. The first collective edition of Pope's ‘Works,’ ‘with his last corrections, additions, and improvements, as they were delivered to the editor a little before his death; together with the commentaries and notes of Mr. Warburton,’ appeared in nine vols. 8vo, in 1751. It was several times reprinted, and in 1769 published in five vols. 4to, with a life by Owen Ruffhead. In 1794 appeared the first volume (all published) of an edition by Gilbert Wakefield. The edition (9 vols. 8vo) by Joseph Warton appeared in 1797 (republished in 1822); that by William Lisle Bowles (10 vols. 8vo) in 1806; that by William Roscoe, said to be ‘the worst’ by Croker and Mr. Elwin (Works, I. xxiv) (10 vols. 8vo), in 1824. The standard edition is the edition, in 10 vols. 8vo, published by Mr. Murray (1871–89); the first four volumes contain the poetry, except the translation of the ‘Iliad’ and ‘Odyssey,’ the fifth the life, and the last five the correspondence and prose works. The first two volumes of poetry and the first three of correspondence were edited by the Rev. Whitwell Elwin, the remainder by Mr. W. J. Courthope, who also wrote the life.

A ‘Concordance’ to the works of Pope by Edwin Abbott [q. v.], with an introduction by the Rev. E. A. Abbott, D.D., appeared in 1875.

[Some catchpenny anonymous lives of Pope appeared directly upon his death. That by William Ayre (2 vols. 8vo, 1745) is also worthless. The life by Owen Ruffhead, published in 1769, with help from Warburton, is of very little value, except as incorporating a few scraps of Warburton's information. Johnson's Life (1781) is admirable, but requires to be modified by the later investigations. Johnson saw Spence's Anecdotes in manuscript. The Anecdotes, first published by Singer in 1820, give Pope's own account of various transactions, and are of great importance. Joseph Warton's Essay on Pope, of which the first volume was published in 1756, and the second in 1782, gives various anecdotes, also contained in the notes to his edition of the Works. Some points were discussed in the controversy raised by Bowles's Life prefixed to his edition. An attack by Campbell in his Specimens of British Poets (1819) led to a controversy in which Hazlitt, Byron, and Bowles himself took part. A very good life is that by Robert Carruthers [q. v.], prefixed to an edition of the Works in 1853 (again in 1858), and published separately in 1857. It contains an interesting account of the Mapledurham MSS. and a statement of the earlier results of Dilke's inquiries. Pope's life, however, has been in great part reconstructed by more recent researches. Mr. Croker had made large collections, which were after his death placed in the hands of Mr.