Goultie was replaced in the rectory, but Sampson continued for some time to preach privately at Framlingham, and founded an independent congregation, which still exists (now unitarian).
Turning to medicine, he studied at Padua and at Leyden, where he graduated M.D. on 12 July 1668. He practised in London, and was admitted an honorary fellow of the College of Physicians on 30 Sept. 1680. He retained his nonconformity, attending the ministry of Lazarus Seaman [q. v.], and later of John Howe. He died on 23 July 1700, and was buried in August at Clayworth, Nottinghamshire, of which parish his brother, William Sampson, was rector. He was twice married, but had no issue. His first wife, Elinor, died on 24 Nov. 1689. His second wife, Anna, survived him.
He published ‘Disputatio … de celebri indicationum fundamento, Contraria contrariis curari,’ &c., Leyden, 1668, 8vo, and contributed papers on morbid anatomy to the ‘Philosophical Transactions,’ 1674, 1678, 1681, 1695. His account (1663) of Framlingham Castle is printed in Hearne's editions of Leland's ‘Collectanea.’ He edited ‘Methodus Divinæ Gratiæ,’ &c., 1657, 12mo, by Thomas Parker (1595–1677) [q. v.] Sampson's papers, including ‘a particular list of the ejected in each county,’ gave ‘considerable help’ to Calamy in the preparation of his ‘Account’ (1713) of the silenced ministers of 1662. None of his manuscripts are now known to exist, but the British Museum has a volume (Addit. MS. 4460) of Thoresby's transcripts from Sampson's ‘Day-books.’ Some extracts are printed in the ‘Gentleman's Magazine,’ 1851, and in the ‘Christian Reformer,’ 1862, pp. 235 sq.
[Funeral Sermon, 1700, by Howe, with account of Sampson by his half-brother, Nehemiah Grew; Calamy's Account, 1713, pp. xxiii, 83 sq.; Calamy's Continuation, 1727, i. 118; memoir in Gent. Mag. 1851, i. 381 sq.; Munk's Coll. of Phys. 1861, i. 384; Some Account, by Robert Brook Aspland in Christian Reformer, March 1862, pp. 154 seq.; Browne's Hist. Congr. Norfolk and Suffolk, 1877, p. 537; Heywood's Register (Turner), 1881, p. 102.]
SAMPSON, HENRY (1841–1891), newspaper proprietor and editor, the son of a journalist, was born at Lincoln in 1841. At the age of twelve he entered a printing office in London, and became successively a compositor and proof-reader. From youth he was devoted to sport, and excelled as a boxer, runner, and sculler until he was twenty-three, when he was disabled by an accident to his left foot. In 1866 he was engaged by Samuel Orchart Beeton to contribute sporting leaders to the ‘Glow-worm’ and the ‘Weekly Dispatch.’ Afterwards he joined the staff of the ‘Illustrated Sporting News and Theatrical Review,’ and early in 1869 was appointed editor of that journal. On its collapse on 19 March 1870 he became the first editor of the ‘Latest News’ (No. 1, 29 Aug. 1869), a penny Sunday paper of sixteen pages, which ceased after No. 57 on 25 Sept. 1870. In 1870 he was engaged as a leader-writer on the ‘Morning Advertiser,’ and commenced contributing to ‘Fun.’ During the illness of Thomas Hood the younger [q. v.] he acted as sub-editor of ‘Fun,’ and after the death of Hood, in 1874, conducted the paper until February 1878. In 1875, 1876, 1877, and 1878 he edited ‘Fun Comic Annual,’ and wrote stories for its pages. Early in 1872 he commenced sending to the ‘Weekly Dispatch,’ under the signature of ‘Pendragon,’ letters of general criticism on sport. Developing the scheme, he, on 19 Aug. 1877, as part proprietor and editor, under the same pseudonym of Pendragon, started a weekly sporting paper, ‘The Referee.’ Its success soon enabled him to give up his other engagements and confine himself exclusively to his own paper for the remainder of his life. He died at 6 Hall Road, St. John's Wood, London, on 16 May 1891.
He was the author of: 1. ‘Dictionary of Modern Slang,’ 2nd ed. 1860. 2. ‘A History of Advertising,’ with illustrations and facsimiles, 1874. 3. ‘Modern Boxing, by Pendragon,’ 1878.
[Sporting Mirror, April 1881, pp. 72–4, with portrait; Illustr. London News, 23 May 1891, p. 667, with portrait; Entr'acte Annual, 1882, p. 22, with portrait; Times, 18 May 1891, p. 10.]
SAMPSON, RICHARD (d. 1554), bishop successively of Chichester and of Coventry and Lichfield, was educated at Clement Hostel and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, proceeding B.C.L. in 1505. Then he went for six years to Paris and Sens, and, returning, proceeded D.C.L. in 1513. He entered Wolsey's household, became his chaplain, and as Wolsey wished for some one to look after his interests at Tournay, of which he was bishop, he placed Sampson there as his chancellor; he was also, it seems, vicar-general there and one of the council. The position had its difficulties, as the French bishop did not surrender his rights. Sampson was at Tournay in April 1514. In the July following Wolsey complained of his want of assiduity, and Sampson excused himself on the ground that he wanted time to study civil or canon law. In September 1514