Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 50.djvu/288

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was an elder brother. He was educated at the high school, Edinburgh, and Glasgow University, before proceeding to Balliol College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 22 June 1820. He graduated B.A. in 1824, with a first-class in literis humanioribus, and proceeded M.A. in 1841 and B.D. in 1845. Ordained in 1824, he was appointed successively to the vicarage of Chillingham, Northumberland (1827), the chaplaincy of Long Acre, London, and the rectories of Dunchurch (1836) and Hallow, and of Alvechurch, near Bromsgrove (1854) (cf. Foster, Index Ecclesiasticus, p. 156). In 1844 he was named honorary canon of Worcester, and acted for a time as warden of Queen's College, Birmingham. In 1851 he became archdeacon of Coventry in the same diocese, being also examining chaplain to the bishop of Worcester from 1853 to 1860. In 1861 he delivered the Bampton lectures at Oxford, the subject being ‘The Mission and Extension of the Church at Home.’ They were published in 1862.

Sandford was an active member of the lower house of convocation, and was chairman of its committees on intemperance and on the preparation of a church hymnal. His report on the former subject was the first step towards the formation of the Church of England Temperance Society. In 1863–4 he was a member of the commission for the revision of clerical subscription, being himself an advocate of relaxation. In politics he was a liberal. Among his intimate friends was Archbishop Tait. He died at Alvechurch in 1873, on his seventy-second birthday (22 March). Besides sermons, lectures, and charges, Sandford published ‘Remains of Bishop Sandford’ (his father), 1830, 2 vols.; ‘Psalms, Paraphrases, and Hymns, adapted,’ 1837, 12mo; ‘Parochialia, or Church, School, and Parish,’ 1845, 8vo; ‘Vox Cordis, or Breathings of the Heart,’ 1849, 12mo; ‘Social Reforms, or the Habits, Dwellings, and Education of our People,’ 1867–72, 8vo. He also edited and contributed a preface to ‘Prize Essays on Free-worship and Finance,’ 1865, 8vo. Sandford's portrait, as well as that of his two brothers, was painted by Watson Gordon.

Sandford was twice married, and left five sons and two daughters. His first wife, Elizabeth (d 1853), daughter of Richard Poole, esq., and niece of Thomas Poole [q. v.], Coleridge's friend, was author of ‘Woman in her Social and Domestic Character,’ 1831, 12mo (Amer. edit. 1837), 7th edit. 1858; ‘Lives of English Female Worthies,’ vol. i. 1833, 12mo; ‘On Female Improvement,’ 2 vols. 8vo, 1836, 4th edit. 1848. She died at Dunchurch, near Rugby, in 1803. His second wife was Anna, widow of David, Lord Erskine, and eldest daughter of William Cunninghame Graham of Gartmore, Stirling.

His eldest son, Henry Ryder Poole Sandford (1827–1883), an inspector of schools from 1862, wrote pamphlets dealing with labour and education in the Potteries, and married a daughter of Gabriel Stone Poole, esq., a cousin of Thomas Poole; she published ‘Thomas Poole and his Friends,’ 2 vols. 8vo, 1888. The second son, Charles Waldegrave Sandford (b. 1828), became bishop of Gibraltar in 1874; the third, John Douglas Sandford (b. 1833), became chief judge in Mysore; and the fifth, Ernest Grey (b. 1840), was made archdeacon of Exeter in 1888.

[Private information; Crockford's Clerical Directory; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1715–1886; Guardian, 26 March 1873; Times, 23 March 1873; Davidson and Benham's Life of Archbishop Tait, ii. 124; Men of the Reign; Allibone's Dict. Engl. Lit. ii. 1927, Suppl. vol. ii.; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

G. Le G. N.


SANDFORD, SAMUEL (fl. 1699), actor, of the family of Sandford of Sandford in Shropshire, joined D'Avenant's company at Lincoln's Inn Fields about a year after its formation, and was, on 16 Dec. 1661, the original Worm in Cowley's ‘Cutter of Coleman Street.’ On 1 March 1662 he was Sampson in ‘Romeo and Juliet,’ and on 20 Oct. Maligni (the villain) in Porter's ‘Villain.’ Early in January 1663 he was Ernesto in Tuke's ‘Adventures of Five Hours,’ and on 28 May Vindex in Sir R. Stapleton's ‘Slighted Maid.’ During the same season he was Sylvanus in the ‘Stepmother,’ also by Stapleton, and in 1664 was Wheadle in Etherege's ‘Comical Revenge, or Love in a Tub,’ and Provost in the ‘Rivals,’ D'Avenant's alteration of the ‘Two Noble Kinsmen.’

After the cessation of performances on account of the plague, Sandford is not to be traced until 26 March 1668, when he and Harris sang, as two ballad singers, the epilogue to D'Avenant's ‘Man's the Master.’ After the death of D'Avenant, Sandford was, in 1669, Wary in ‘Sir Solomon, or the Cautious Coxcomb,’ taken by Caryl, in part, from Molière's ‘École des Femmes.’ In 1671 he was Toxaris in Edward Howard's ‘Women's Conquest,’ Justice Frump in Revet's ‘Town Shifts, or the Suburb Justice,’ and Cassonofsky in Crowne's ‘Juliana, or the Princess of Poland.’ After the migration of the company under Lady D'Avenant to the new