Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 50.djvu/448

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Lady Mary, born 16 March 1692, married Christoph Martin von Degenfeld, from whom the family of Degenfeld-Schomberg descends.

According to Mackay, Schomberg was ‘of a fair complexion,’ but ‘one of the hottest, fiery men in England, which was the reason King William would never give him any command where there was action.’ His portrait was painted by Kneller, and was engraved in mezzotint by John Smith (1652–1742) [q. v.]

[Kazner's Leben Friedrich von Schomberg oder Schönburg, Mannheim, 1789; Agnew's Protestant Exiles from France, i. 310–18; Luttrell's Brief Relation, passim; Cal. State Papers, William and Mary; Mémoires de Saint-Simon (ed. 1841), xxxiii. 71–2; Dangeau's Journal, iii. 53, v. 211, ix. 433, x. 4, 59, 75; Mémoires du Comte de Dohna, pp. 107, 217; Lettres de Mme. de Sévigné, passim; Parnell's War of the Succession in Spain; Marlborough's Letters, i. 155, 158, 169, 170, 245, 390, 488; Richard Hill's Correspondence, i. 136; Cole's Memoirs, p. 76; Mackay's Secret Services; Parliamentary Hist. vol. vi.; Hist. MSS. Comm. 7th Rep. pp. 213 a, 214 a, 217 b, 8th Rep. pp. 32 a, 36 a, 37 b, 558 a; Coke MSS. ii. 455, 456, iii. 26, 59, 116; Fleming MSS. 281, 285, 286, 291, 301, 303, 308; Lonsdale MS. 117; Portland MSS. ii. 170; Addit. MSS. 21487 (letters to Blathwayt, 1692–9), 22232 f. 59, 28056 f. 82, 28569 f. 95, 28927 f. 75, 28943 f. 205, 28948 ff. 40–8, 57 (relating to his recall from Portugal), 29589 ff. 38, 49, 78; Walford's Greater London, i. 236; Notes and Queries, 4th ser. v. 328, 5th ser. x. 234. Unlike his father, who wrote his name Schonberg, he signed his name Schonburg; his correspondence is mostly in French.]

R. D.


SCHOMBERG, MEYER LÖW, M.D. (1690–1761), physician, whose name is sometimes spelt Schamberg, eldest son of a Jewish practitioner of medicine whose original name seems to have been Löw, changed later for Schomberg, was born at Fetzburg in Germany in 1690. He entered his name in the album of the university of Giessen on 13 Dec. 1706, and, after studying classics under Professor Eberwein, entered upon medical studies and completed the course for the degree. He then received a license ‘ad practicandum,’ and began practice at Schweinburg and Blanckenstein. In 1710 he applied to the authorities of the university of Giessen for a mandate to check the practice of a rupture-curer who was injuring him in his district (certified copy of original record in the album of the medical faculty at Giessen). The university was willing to support him, but recommended him to complete his degree, which he did on 21 Dec. 1710. He practised at Metz previous to his arrival in England about 1720, and was admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians of London on 19 March 1722. On admission he obtained leave to pay his fees hereafter, and his bond is preserved in the college. He was a strong supporter of his son's action against the college. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, and admitted on 12 Jan. 1726. He lived in Fenchurch Street, and by 1740 had attained a leading practice in the city of London. He had six children, of whom Raphael or Ralph [q. v.], Isaac (1714–1780) [q. v.], and Sir Alexander [q. v.] are noticed separately. He died at Hoxton on 4 March 1761. A fine portrait belongs to a descendant. He bequeathed his property, by a will dated 23 Oct. 1759, in equal shares to his sons Isaac and Alexander. A Hebrew manuscript in his hand, dated 1746, has been exhibited (Anglo-Jewish Exhibition).

[Munk's Coll. of Phys. ii. 81; private information.]

N. M.


SCHOMBERG, RAPHAEL or RALPH (1714–1792), physician and miscellaneous writer, eldest son of Meyer Löw Schomberg [q. v.], was twin-brother of Isaac Schomberg [q. v.], and was born at Schweinberg on 14 Aug. 1714. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School from 1726, and studied medicine at Rotterdam. He graduated M.D. from Aberdeen. For a time he practised at Yarmouth, being resident there on 16 July 1752, the date of his election as F.S.A. About 1761 he established himself at Bath. He then removed to Reading, died at Castle Street in that town on 29 June 1792, and was buried at St. George's-in-the-East, London. He was married, on 8 April 1742, to Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Joseph Crowcher, merchant, of London, and master of the Vintners' Company in 1752. She died at Castle Street, Reading, in 1807, and was buried with her husband. They had issue ten children, most of whom died young; two of them, Alexander Crowcher Schomberg [q. v.] and Isaac Schomberg (1753–1813) [q. v.], are separately noticed. Ralph's portrait, painted by Gainsborough, was sold in 1862 by J. T. Schomberg, Q.C., to the trustees of the National Gallery. It was engraved by W. T. Fry.

Schomberg, who was tersely described as ‘long a scribbler, without genius or veracity’ (Reed, Biogr. Dramatica, i. 635–6), was author of: 1. ‘Ode on the Present Rebellion,’ 1746. 2. ‘Account of the Present Rebellion,’ 1746. 3. ‘Aphorismi Practici, sive Observationes Medicæ,’ 1750; dedicated to J. S. Bernard, M.D., of Amsterdam. 4. ‘Prosperi Martini annotationes in cæcas prænotiones,’ 1751. 5. ‘Physical Rhapsody’ (anon.), 1751.