for the county of Bedford. He was then residing at Woodend in the parish of Harlington. In 1650 he took the ‘engagement,’ became intimate with Cromwell, and one of the commissioners for the ejection of ignorant and scandalous ministers. He represented the county of Bedford in the parliament of 1654–5. He died in Gray's Inn Lane, and was buried in St. Andrew's, Holborn, on 13 Dec. 1656. He left no will. Administration was granted to his son, Button Wingate, on 28 Jan. 1657.
Wingate married, on 28 July 1628, at Maulden, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Richard Button of Wootton in Bedfordshire, by whom he had five sons and two daughters.
His publications, which were numerous, include: 1. ‘L'usage de la règle de proportion en arithmétique,’ Paris, 1624; in English as ‘The Use of the Rule of Proportion,’ London, 1626, 1628, 1645, 1658, 1683 (rectified by Brown and Atkinson). 2. ‘Arithmetique Logarithmetique,’ Paris, 1626. In English as ‘Logarithmotechnia, or the Construction and Use of the Logarithmeticall Tables,’ London, 1635 (compiled from Henry Briggs [q. v.]) 3. ‘The Construction and Use of the Line of Proportion,’ London, 1628. 4. ‘Of Natural and Artificiall Arithmetique,’ London, 1630, 2 parts. Part i. had been designed ‘onely as a key to open the secrets of the other, which treats of artificial arithmetique performed by logarithms,’ and had therefore not been made sufficiently complete to stand alone as a text-book of elementary arithmetic. This defect was remedied by John Kersey the elder [q. v.] under the superintendence of Wingate, and a second edition appeared in 1650 as ‘Arithmetique made easie.’ Wingate himself re-edited part ii., which was published in 1652 as ‘Arithmetique made easie. The second book.’ The first book ran through many editions, the expression ‘natural arithmetic’ being discarded for that of ‘common arithmetic,’ London, 1658, 1673 (6th edit.); 1678 (7th edit.); 1683 (8th edit. and the last edited by Kersey the elder); 1699 (10th edit. edited by Kersey the younger); 1704 (11th edit. with new supplement by George Shelley); 1708, 1713, 1720, 1753 (edited by J. Dodson), and 1760. 5. ‘Statuta Pacis: or a Perfect Table of all the Statutes (now in force) which any way concern the office of a Justice of the Peace,’ London, 1641, 1644 (under the initials ‘E. W.’). 6. ‘An Exact Abridgment of all the Statutes in force and use from the beginning of Magna Carta,’ London, 1642, 1655, 1663 (continued by William Hughes), 1670, 1675, 1680, 1681, 1684, 1694, 1703, 1704, 1708. 7. ‘Justice Revived: being the whole office of a country Justice of the Peace,’ London, 1644, 1661 (under initials ‘E. W.’). 8. ‘Ludus Mathematicus,’ London, 1654, 1681. The book is the description of a logarithmic instrument, of the nature of which it is difficult to form an idea without even a drawing of it (under initials ‘E. W.’). 9. ‘The Body of the Common Law of England,’ London, 1655 (2nd edit.), 1658, 1662, 1670, 1678. 10. ‘The Use of a Gauge-rod,’ London, 1658. 11. ‘Maximes of Reason,’ London, 1658 (cf. Preston, Popular and Practical Introduction to Law Studies, 1845, p. 579). 12. ‘The Clarks Tutor for Arithmetick and Writing … being the remains of Edmund Wingate,’ London, 1671, 1676. 13. ‘The Exact Constable with his Original and Power in the Office of Churchwardens,’ London, 1660 (2nd edit.), 1682 (6th edit.) (under initials ‘E. W.’).
In 1640 he published an edition of ‘Britton’ [see Breton, John le]. In this he made corrections from some better manuscript than that used in the 1530 publication, but unfortunately placed them in an appendix, reprinting the text in its corrupt form. He supplied an entire chapter (lib. iv. chap. 5) which had previously been omitted, placing it also in the appendix. He also edited the works of Samuel Foster [q. v.], and Wood assigns to him a work entitled ‘Tactometria … or the Geometry of Regulars,’ probably a republication of John Wyberd's book, which appeared under the same title in 1650 (Wood, Athenæ, iii. col. 425; cf. Chalmers, Biogr. Dict.)[Visitations of Bedfordshire (Harl. Soc.); Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714; Foster's Admissions to Gray's Inn, p. 134; Wood's Athenæ (Bliss), iii. 423–4; Hutton's Philosophical and Mathematical Dictionary; Willis's Notitia Parliamentaria, iii. 259; prefaces to Wingate's work; De Morgan's Arithmetic Books; Blaydes's Genealogia Bedfordiensis, pp. 2, 3, 196, 204, 329–30, 337; Biographie Universelle; Kennett's Register, p. 787; Worrall's Bibliotheca Legum; Registers of Flamborough parish, per the Rev. H. W. Rigby.]
WINGATE or WINYET, NINIAN (1518-1592), controversialist. [See Winzet.]
WINGFIELD, Sir ANTHONY (1485?–1552), comptroller of the household, born probably about 1485, was son of Sir John Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk, by his wife Anne, daughter of John Touchet, sixth baron Audley [see under Touchet, James, seventh Baron]. The father, whose younger brothers, Sir Humphrey, Sir Richard, and Sir Robert, are separately noticed, was the