# Page:Elementary Chinese - San Tzu Ching (1900).djvu/46

28

The San Tzŭ Ching

smoothly down the stream. [Eitel wrongly makes the bond one-sided, "And finally, there are husband and wife, the latter in submission."]

 57. 曰 春 夏 $\scriptstyle{ \left. \begin{matrix} \ \\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix} \right\}\, }$ We speak of spring and summer, Yüeh4 ch'un1 hsia4 Speak spring summer

Yüeh under its old form was supposed to represent breath issuing from the mouth, q.d. speech.

Ch'un is composed of 日 jih sun as radical, and a contraction in which 艸 ts'ao vegetation was once conspicuous. It is also used figuratively in the sense of joyous, pleasant.

Hsia is a contraction of 頁 yeh head, an obsolete word for hands, and an obsolete radical which is here said to refer to the feet. It originally meant an inhabitant of the Middle Kingdom, probably from the name of a dynasty which ruled China from B.C. 2205 to B.C. 1818.

 58. 曰 秋 冬 $\scriptstyle{ \left. \begin{matrix} \ \\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix} \right\}\, }$ we speak of autumn and winter. Yüeh4 ch'iu1 tung1 Speak autumn winter

Yüeh see line 57.

Ch'iu is composed of 禾 ho grain, as radical, and 火 huo fire, suggesting the sense of harvest-time.

Tung is composed of 冫 ping an old word for ice, now used as a radical, and a contraction of 終 chung end, sc. the end of the year when ice comes. The modern word for ice is 冰 ping, formed by the simple addition of water (line 65).

 59. 此 四 時 $\scriptstyle{ \left. \begin{matrix} \ \\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix} \right\}\, }$ These four seasons Tz'ŭ3 ssŭ4 shih2 This four time
Tz'ŭ is composed of 止 chih to stop, under which radical it is