Page:Essentials in Conducting.djvu/72

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60 ESSENTIALS IN CONDUCTING

crewciu'o ?;ir>.V.-> ('Becoming much louder)

crescendo cJ fortissimo (becoming gradually louder until the/ortimmo point has been reached)

crescendo poi diminuendo 1 ,

, ,. . , > (gradually louder then gradually softer) crescendo e diminuendo }

crescendo ed animando (gradually louder and faster)

diminuendo al pianissimo (becoming gradually softer until the pianissimo

point is reached) morendo

��perdendosi smorzando

��(gradually dying away, i.e., becoming slower and softer by very small degrees)

��calando con amove (with tenderness) con bravura (with boldness) con energia (with energy)

con espressione 1 , ...

> (with expression) espressivo

con brio (with brilliancy)

con fuoco (with fire)

con passione (with passion)

con grazia (with grace)

con tenerezza (with tenderness)

dolce (gently) (literally, sweetly)

giocoso (humorously) (cf. jocose)

giojoso (joyfully) (cf. joyous)

conmaesta] ,

> (majestically) maestoso }

pastorale (in pastoral, i.e., in simple and unaffected style) pomposo (pompously)

scherzando | ,. . . \ (jokingly]

��scherzoso

sotto voce (with subdued voice)

We shall close our discussion of the subject of dy- namics with a brief presentation of a few practical matters with which every amateur conductor should be familiar.

The pianissimo of choruses and orchestras is sel- dom soft enough. The extreme limit of soft tone is very effective in both choral and orchestral music, and most conductors seem to have no adequate notion of how soft the tone may be made in such passages. This is es- pecially true of chorus music in the church service; and

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