Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/467

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323
The Fœderalist.

will generally be made by the officers, and according to the rules, appointed by the several States. Indeed, it is extremely probable, that in other instances, particularly in the organization of the Judicial power, the officers of the States will be clothed with the correspondent authority of the Union. Should it happen, however, that separate collectors of internal revenue should be appointed under the Fœderal Government, the influence of the whole number would not be a comparison with that of the multitude of State officers in the opposite scale. Within every district, to which a Fœderal collector would be allotted, there would not be less than thirty or forty, or even more, officers, of different descriptions, and many of them persons of character and weight, whose influence would lie on the side of the State.

The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the Fœderal Government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State Governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects, which, in the ordinary course of affairs concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the People, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.

The operations of the Fœderal Government will be most extensive and important in times of war and danger; those of the State Governments, in times of peace and security. As the former periods will probably bear a small proportion to the latter, the State Governments will here enjoy another advantage over the Fœderal Government. The more adequate, indeed, the Fœderal powers may be rendered to the National defence, the less frequent will be those scenes of danger which might