Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/99

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xcvii
Contents.
Essay. Page
b. the penalties which governments find it necessary to inflict on offenders against their laws, No. XV. 96
A. the coercion of the magistracy, which is applicable only to men, 96
B. the coercion of arms, which is applicable only to States, 96
a. it would be productive of constant war, 96
b. it would be subversive of every purpose of government, 96
c. the argument that breaches of the laws by the States need not be expected, considered, 96
A. such breaches would arise from the passions of the individual members of the States, 97
B. from the impatience of control which arises from the sovereign powers of the States, 97
g. the improbability of the execution of the Fœderal measures, in a simple league of the States, considered and averred, 98
a. supported by the natural constitution of the local authorities, 98
b. supported by the experience of the United States, under the old confederation, 99
c. supported by the experience of similar confederacies, elsewhere, XVI. 100
A. the Lycian and Achæan leagues not thus exposed, 100
h. the employment of force in executing the measures of such a league, "in its application to us," considered, 100
a. it would be productive of constant war between the States, 101
b. it would lead to counter-alliances between individual States, 101
c. it would lead to alliances between foreign nations and portions of the Union, 101
d. it would lead to "the violent death of the confederacy," 102
e. and to the establishment of a military despotism, 103
i. the impracticability of sustaining the Union by military coercion, 103
j. an efficient government can only be established on the responsibility of individual citizens, 103
a. objections answered; that the States, as such, may still interpose their authority, and obstruct the execution of the laws, 104
b. that individuals, also, more or less numerous, may still oppose the government, 105
c. that the reserved rights of the States would be invaded by the Fœderal government, XVII. 107
A. the absence of any competent inducement, 107
B. the People of the several States, through the House of Representatives, could frustrate such an attempt, 108