Page:Great Neapolitan Earthquake of 1857.djvu/476

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380 APPLICATION TO THE CHIMNEY The complex forms of these objects, which rendered the ascertainmerit of the positions of their centres of oscillation on the edges of their bases, difficult and uncertain, unless by experiment, prevents any calculation of a precise character, from their movements, as to the velocity of either shock, nor do we require it. They give ns other valuable information, however. In the case of the parallelopipedal chimney, (F. Fig. 1, Diagram Nos. 238-240, and Fig. 4 same diagram), twisted upon its base, it had rotated upon a point in the western edge of its base at b, Fig. 237. We know already that the direction (generally) of the first shock, was from some points east or N.E. towards the west or S.W., the second being from 15 �of north to south. The chimney stalk had therefore made, one rni-oscillation, and one comlet oscillation; that is, it was being acted on by the zerond semiphase of the wave of the jrt shock, at the moment when the second shock arrived at it, as in Fig. 237. A B 0 The centre of oillation of the chimney above b thus tilted was, as nearly as could be ascertained, 4'33 ft distant from the edges of the base upon which it tilted b and b. The first shock, east to west, fractured the chimney from its base, and produced in the detached chimney, one semi- oscillation eastward (A, Fig. 237). The chimney then Digitized by Googlc