Page:Historical Works of Venerable Bede vol. 2.djvu/326

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254
[BEDE'S
APPENDIX.
The Fifth Age.

A.M. 3903 [5251].

Ptolemy Dionysiiis.
Ptolemy Dionysius reigned 30 years. From the fifth year of his reign
Alexandra, Queen of Judyea.
[A.M. 3934. B.C. 70.]
Alexandra, after the death of the pontiff, Alexander, her husband, reigned 9 years in Judæa, during which period the Jews were a prey to anarchy and slaughter. After her death, her sons, Aristobulus and Hyrcanus, by their contentions for the throne, afforded an opportunity to the Romans of invading Judæa.
Accordingly, Pompey came to Jerusalem and took the city: he entered the temple and went even into the most holy place. Carrying away Aristobulus with him in fetters, he confirmed Hyrcanus in the pontificate, which he filled for 34 years, and made Antipater, son of Herod of Ascalon, governor of Palestine.
Virgilius Maro is born in a village called Andes, not far from Mantua. In the consulship of Pompey and Crassus, Pompey takes Jerusalem, and makes the Jews tributary. Virgil studies at Cremona.
Cæsar conquers Gaul, and invades Britain.
Cæsar conquers the Germans and Gauls, and compels the Britons, who were previously unacquainted even with the name of the Romans, to give hostages and pay tribute.

A.M. 3905 [5253].

Cleopatra
Cleopatra, sister of Ptolemy, reigned 22 years. For a civil war having broken out between Caesar and Pompey, the latter being defeated fled to Alexandria, where he was slain by order of Ptolemy, from whose hands he looked for succour.
Civil War of Cæser and Pompey.
[A.M. 3956. B.C. 48.
Battle of Pharsalia.]
And when Caesar shortly after came to Alexandria, Ptolemy would have cut him off also; but perished himself in the war which he then kindled. Cæsar, having made himself master of Alexandria, gave the kingdom to Cleopatra, with whom he had had an adulterous intercourse. In the third year of her reign he obtained the sole dominion over the Romans, and from him the Roman princes were called Cæsars. Cleopatra made her entry into the city with royal state.