O F L A W S. 391
therefore neceflarily moderated in that country, as B K it was formerly in TEgypt, and as it is (till in that chap. 6\ part of the Turkifh empire. Power was necefifarily & 7. moderated as it is in Holland, which nature has made to attend to herfelf, and not to be abandoned to negligence or caprice.
Thus in fpite of the climate of China, where they are naturally led to a fervile obedience, in fpite of the apprehenfions which follow a too great extent of empire, the firft legiflators of this country were obliged to make moft excellent laws, and the go vernment was frequently obliged to follow them.
Of the Works of Men.
ME N by their care, and by the influence of good laws have rendered the earth more proper for their abode. We fee rivers flow where there have been lakes and marihes : this is a benefit which nature has not beftowed; but it is a benefit maintained and fupplied by nature. When the Per- fians ( c ) were matters of Afia, they permitted thofe ( c ) Poly- who conveyed a fpring to Sny place which had not bius 1 * 10 - been watered before, to enjoy the benefit for five ge nerations , and as a number of rivulets flowed from mount Taurus, they fpared no expence, in direct ing the courfe of their ftreams. At this day, with out knowing how they came thither, they are found in the fields and gardens.
Thus as deftructive nations produce evils more durable than thcmfelves ; the actions of induftrious nations are the fource of bleffings which laft, when they are no more.
C c 4 CHAP.