Page:Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey.djvu/127

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
91
NOTES TO KENT.

not ascertain at Lenham whether any remains of the chapel are yet visible.—Lenham is asserted to have been bestowed by Kenulfe, king of Mercia, and Cudred, king of Kent, upon St. Augustin's, Canterbury, A.D. 804; the gift being confirmed by Ethelwulfe, king of Kent, A.D. 850, and ratified by Edgiva, wife of King Edgar, temp. Archb. Dunstan. (Lambarde.)

194. Leveland.—This small parish is a rectory annexed to that of Badlesmere, which it adjoins.

195. Lewisham.—Brass: Geo. Hatteclyff, 1514. (Reg.Roff.)—A charter of King Edward, dated in 1044, after reciting the grant of Leuesham by Elthrude to the (abbey) church of St. Peter at Ghent, confirms to the latter all its possessions, naming Lewisham, Greenwich, Woolwich, Modingham, Cumbe, and places in Andred, namely, Æschore (Ashurst?), Æffehaga, Wingindene, Scarendene, Sandherste, together with the churches, cemeteries, tithes, &c.; but how many, and which, of those places then possessed churches we have no means of ascertaining. "Praefatae aecclesiae de Gant concedo atque mea regia auctoritate confirmo manerium de Leuesham, cum omnibus sibi pertinentibus, uidelicet, Greenwic, Wulewic, Modingeham, atque Cumbe, et cum uallibus etiam in Andreda eisdem maneriis adiacentibus, scilicet, Æschore, Æffehaga, Wingindene, Scarendene, Sandherste, et cum aecclesiis, cimiteriis, decimis, redditibus, in campis et in siluis, in pratis et pascuis, in aquis et paludibus, in piscariis et piscationibus, in molendinis et in omnibus suis appendiciis: I grant, and by my royal authority confirm to the aforesaid church of Ghent the manor of Leuesham, with all pertaining to it, namely, Greenwic, Wulewic, Modingeham, and Cumbe, and with the vales also in Andred belonging to the same manors, namely, Æschore, Æffehaga, Wingindene, Scarendene, Sandherste, and with the churches, cemeteries, tithes, dues, in plains and in woods, in meadows and pastures, in waters and in marshes, in fishmarkets and in fisheries" (or perhaps, see Note on Badlesmere, "in fisheries and in fishings) in mills, and in all their appendages." (Cod. Dipl. IV, 80.) That the term "adjacentibus" signifies belonging, rather than adjoining, to seems a clear inference from the mention of "Sandherste," identical, we can only understand, with the parish of that name, which is situated about forty miles diagonally across the county from Lewisham. Kilburne says that Sir John Merbury, kn., founded at Lewisham a priory for black monks as a cell to Ghent, temp. K. Henry III. Another, apparently, but perhaps not really,