Page:Ornithological biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America, volume 1.djvu/330

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302
LOGGERHEAD SHRIKE.

Plumage soft, blended. Long bristly feathers at the base of the bill. Wings of ordinary length, curved, the second quill longest, the first and fifth equal. Tail long, graduated, of twelve rounded feathers.

Bill black. Iris dark brown. Feet greyish-black. The general colour of the upper parts is dark grey, of the under greyish-white, the sides tinged with brown. Forehead and sides of the head included in a broad black band. Wings and tail black. Base of the primaries, and tips of the secondaries and six inner primaries, white. Tail-feathers, excepting the four middle ones, white towards the end, the outer ones nearly all of that colour.

Length 8½ inches, extent of wings 13; bill along the ridge 7/12, along the gap nearly 1; tarsus 1, middle toe 11/12.


Adult Female. Plate LVII. Fig. 2.

The female differs from the male only in being a little smaller and somewhat darker and duller in the plumage.




The Green Briar, or Round- leaved Smilax.


Smilax rotundifolia, Willd. Sp. PI. vol. iv. p. 779. Pursh, Flor. Amer. vol. 1 p. 250.—Diœcia Hexandria, Linn. Asparagi, Juss.


This species of Smilax, which is common along fences, in old fields, and by the borders of woods, is characterized by its shrubby stem, round branches, roundish-ovate, acuminate, slightly cordate, five or seven-nerved leaves, and spherical berries. It flowers in May and June. The berries are of a dark purple colour.




The Field Mouse.


This species is found in all parts of the United States, Living in the meadows and woods. It forms narrow subterranean passages, to which it resorts on the least appearance of danger, but from which it is easily driven, by thrusting a twig into them.