Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 10.djvu/592

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been validated.
574
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

the present state of our acquaintance with the configuration of its surface, is not generally understood. When, however, the attention of astronomers is more generally directed to the study of the lunar surface, Science will he greatly the gainer, as it is there that the past and future of our earth is to be learned.

 
Rule Segment - Span - 40px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 40px.svg Rule Segment - Flare Left - 12px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 5px.svg Rule Segment - Circle - 6px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 5px.svg Rule Segment - Flare Right - 12px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 40px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 40px.svg


SIZE OF THE PRINCIPAL TELESCOPES IN THE WORLD.

IN Les Mondes, January 20, 1876, appeared a list of the principal telescopes of the world, with their apertures and focal lengths. It was defective in regard to its enumeration of American telescopes, and in other respects, as all such lists must be. We have compiled from it, and from other sources available, a larger list, which is itself manifestly incomplete, but which will give a better idea of the number of telescopes available, or soon to be available, for astronomical purposes. It is a melancholy fact that the return from so many instruments, that is, the interest from so much astronomical capital, is not so great as it should be, and it suggests the question as to whether future benefactors of American colleges, for example, will not do better to provide astronomers to use the telescopes already constructed than observatories in which to put new ones. In the second column, the first name is that of the maker of the objective or speculum, the second that of the engineer who mounted the telescope.

I. Reflectors.

"One French inch = 12 Paris lines; one English inch = 11.26 Paris lines; one metre = 443.30 Paris lines.


OWNER OR DIRECTOR,
AND OBSERVATORY.
Constructed by APERTURE. FOCAL LENGTH. Remarks
English
Inches,
etc.
French
Inches.
Metres English
Feet
etc.
French
Feet
etc.
Metres.
Lord Rosse, Birr Castle Rosse 6 ft. 55 ft.
Wm. Herschel, Slough W. Herschel 4 " 40 " Out of use.
Lassell, Liverpool, etc. Lassell 4 " 37 " Destroyed.
Ellery, Melbourne Grubb 4 " 32 "
Le Verrier, Paris Martin, Eichens 1.20 7 Silvered glass
Lord Rosse, Birr Castle Rosse 36 in.
Tisserand, Toulouse Foucault 0.80 Silvered glass.
Stephan, Marseilles Foucault, Ei-
chens
0.80 4.8 Silvered glass.
H. Draper, near N. York H. Draper 28 in. 13 ft. Silvered glass.
Lassell, Maidenhead Lassell 24 " 20 " Metal.
W. & J. Herschel, Slough
and Cape Good Hope
W. & J. Herschel 15 " Several mirrors.
H. Draper, near N. York H. Draper 15 "
Maclean, Turnbridge Wells With & Brown-
ing
15 "
Pritchard, Oxford De la Rue 13 " 10 ft.
Worthington and Raven-
dell, Manchester
With & Brown-
ing
13 "
Hirst, New Zealand Browning Silvered glass.


and many others.