��is in domestic heating. The open fireplace and several ventilating fireplaces, and the " American " stove, are mentioned ; but most space is given to gas heating and cooking stoves. Heating by means of hot air, hot water, and steam also receives attention. The application of fuel to vaporization, i. e., the heating of boilers, is next treated ; and from this subject the authors pass to the evapora- tion of liquids and distillation. The drying of wood and malt, baking bread, and firing brick and porcelain, also have a place. Fur- naces for metallurgical and other technologi- cal operations are next treated, and an im- portant chapter follows on gas-furnaces, in- cluding those using the regenerative prin- ciple. The closing chapter deals with the practical effect of fuel. A series of tables giving analyses of coals follows. Through- out the book exact information in regard to the several divisions of the subject is fur- nished in tables and diagrams. The volume contains seven plates and six hundred and seven other illustrations, and is provided with an adequate index.
Liberty and a Living. By Philip G. Hu- bert, Jr. New York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons. Pp. 239.
This book is described in its sub-title as the record of an attempt to secure bread and butter, sunshine and content, by gardening, fishing, and hunting. One of its mottoes is, " The royal peace of a rural home." The author, a writer on New York newspapers, wearied with the monotony and drudgery of city life, sought a way in which he could spend his time in the outdoor season prof- itably in the open air, and without giving up the winter residence in the city which his profession demanded. He found a place on the sea coast of Long Island which af- forded a home, garden, wood-lot, access to the water for boating and fishing, and hunt- ing privileges. The book describes his life there, and the moral and practical lessons derived from it. The transcript of the diary of a week gives a realistic picture of the average life. The home and its arrange- ments, the garden-work and its returns, the fishing, the bee-raising, the advantages de- rived from the possession of a wood-lot, and the balance of advantages and disadvantages, are described in successive chapters. The vol. xxxvii. — 10
��balance is shown to be decidedly in favor of the country, pre-eminently so to those who seek quiet, rational enjoyment, with health, who desire leisurely culture without excite- ment, who are willing to live independently of fashion, and who do not attach an exag- gerated importance to show.
Jonathan Edwards. By Alexander V. G.
Allen, D. B. Boston and New York :
Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Pp. 401. Price,
This is the first volume of the series of "American Religious Leaders," or biogra- phies of men who have had great influence on religious thought and life in the United States, in which it is intended, besides de- picting great figures in American religious history, to indicate the leading character- istics of that history, the progress and pro- cess of religious philosophy in America, the various types of theology which have shaped or been shaped by the various churches, and the relation of these to the life and thought of the nation. The present volume relates to the earliest and probably the greatest of those leaders — the thinker who, along with Benjamin Franklin, American and foreign critics agree in naming as representative of American intellectual activity in the eight- eenth century. Prof. Allen's aim in this bi- ography has been "to reproduce Edwards from his books, making his treatises, in their chronological order, contribute to his por- traiture as a man and as a theologian." Some- thing more than a mere relation of facts seemed to be demanded in order to justify the endeavor to rewrite his life. What we most desire to know is, what he thought, and how he came to think as he did. " Ed- wards is always and everywhere interesting, whatever we may think of his theology. On literary and historical grounds alone no one can fail to be impressed with his imposing fig- ure as he moves through the wilds of the New World." Edwards's life is full of dramatic incident, and his writings furnish ground for fruitful study — a study which he that would understand the significance of New England thought in the last century, and un- der its later aspects as well, will find indis- pensable. The summation of the result of Edwards's work is concluded with the asser- tion that " all who accept the truth that divine things are known to be divine be-