Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 55.djvu/75

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65
COLONIAL EXPANSION AND FOREIGN TRADE.

In examining these tables carefully the reader can form an idea as to how the world's trade is divided, and see what the world is arming to its teeth about.

The only Asiatic country about whose trade the possibilities of war may be entertained is China. Japan has shown her teeth and

 

III. Trade of Foreign Possessions of all other Countries than the United Kingdom.

Countries and their Colonial Possessions. Number of inhabitants in thousands. Importations in thousands of dollars. Exportations in thousands of dollars. Imports per capita. Dollars. Exports per capita. Dollars.
A. France (1894).
Asia 21,821 16,000 25,000 .73 1.14
Africa, outside of Algeria and Tunis 24,500 13,000 22,000 .53 .50
America and Oceanica 460 145,000 12,600 31.50 27.40
B. Germany (1897).
Africa 10,200 2,189 1,078 .21 .10
New Guinea 400 72 50 .18 .12
C. Italy.
Africa 400 5,600 3,000
D. Netherlands (1895).
East India 34,000 61,000 89,600 1.80 2.63
E.
Philippines 7,600 11,000 20,000 1.50 2.63
 

claws. The history of Poland, Port Arthur, or Kiao-tchow is not likely to find repetition on her territory. Only the defenseless tempt the avidity of the civilizing nations. The import trade of China, an empire with one fourth the population of the entire world, is but half as much again as that of Japan, with but one ninth of the population of the Celestial Empire. Japan's trade has trebled within the last dozen years. Her imports of merchandise are over two dollars per capita. Those of China are thirty-four cents. It will be said

 

Summary of Statistical Tables of the Trade of Colonies and Dependencies of European States and of Independent States other than of Europe and the United States.

Names of Divisions by Countries, Colonies, and Races. Number of inhabitants in thousands. Importations. Thousands of dollars. Exportations. Thousands of dollars. Inhabitants. Per cent to total. Imports. Per cent to total. Exports. Per cent to total.
Totals of tabulations I, II, and III 1,584,099 1,587,758 1,540,858 100 100 100.0
Under British flag 343,520 765,320 797,232 36 48.3 50.0
Under all other flags 605,180 818,779 790,527 64 51.7 49.8
Peoples of European descent 69,430 909,020 831,984 7.3 57.4 52.4
Peoples of other races 879,271 675,079 755,774 92.7 42.6 47.6
Anglo-Saxon 17,130 519,300 407,584 1.8 32.8 25.7
Latin-American 52,300 389,700 424,400 5.5 24.6 26.7
Asiatic races 806,611 618,079 706,274 85.0 39.0 44.0
African races 72,500 57,000 49,500 7.7 3.6 3.6
States and colonies, wool chief export 11,100 441,300 394,500 1.2 27.8 24.9