Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 63.djvu/34
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
Nnmhpr of Croats ^**'o *° "^^^^^ Number
*"®- JN am Der ot Croats. of Croats Landed.
Pennsylvania 16,726 56 per cent.
Illinois 3,547 11
Ohio 2,923 10
New York 1,651 5
All other states 5,386 18 "
Total 30,233 100 per cent.
The statement that nearly all Russian immigrants in America come from Austria may seem strange, but it is true. Last year 7,540 Rus- sians came from Austria and only 1,536 Russians from Russia.
The Russian Slavs are divided by philologists into three divisions: Great Russians, White Russians and Little Russians. The Great Rus- sians occupy a large quadrangular area in Russia consisting of the cen- tral governments, from Novgorod and Vologda on the north to Kiev on the south ; from Pensa and Simbirsk on the east to the Polish provinces on the west. The White Russians number less than four millions and occupy some of the western governments adjoining Poland. Great Rus- sians and White Russians do not emigrate. The Little Russians occupy the great fertile treeless plain, the black mold belt in southern Russia, which extends from Kiev to the Black Sea. They also people the two Austrian provinces of Bukowina and Galicia. It is said that a line drawn eastward on the map from Cracow in Galicia through Kiev in Russia will divide the Little Russians from the Great Russians. The Little Russians occupying Galicia and Bukowina, Austria, are known as Ruthenians. They are also called Russniaks and Red Russians. Nearly all our Russian immigrants come from these two Austrian provinces. The Ruthenians are typical Slavs. They have a rugged, sturdy physique, and the men are almost all unskilled laborers. They were distributed in America as follows, during the year ended June 30, 1902 :
otnta Number of Ratio to Total Number
°^^^- Ruthenians. of Ruthenians Landed.
Pennsylvania 4,153 55 per cent.
New York 1,594 21
New Jersey 746 10 "
Ohio 328 4
All other states 732 10
Total 7,533 100 per cent.
The Czechs. From within the boundaries of the kingdom of Bohemia and the adjoining province of Moravia come each year several thousand immi- grants of Slavic blood. There is little difference racially between the Bohemian and Moravian and they are usually classed together as