Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 77.djvu/181
SMOKING AND COLLEGE STUDENTS
Of 223 students 115 or 52.0 per cent, are smokers
Of 96 athletes 55 or 57.3 per cent, are smokers
Of 66 fraternity men 49 or 74.2 per cent, are smokers
There are more smokers among athletes and a great many more among fraternity men than among all students.
Of 223 students 84 or 37.6 per cent, made varsity teams
Of 115 smokers 47 or 41.0 per cent, made varsity teams
Of 66 fraternity men 41 or 62.1 per cent, made varsity teams
There are more athletes among smokers and a great many more among fraternity men than among all students.
Average Marks Average Marks Average failures
at Entrance in first 2 years in first 2 years
223 students 90 per cent. 66 per cent. 7 per cent.
115 smokers 89 per cent. 62 per cent. 10 per cent.
84 athletes 90 per cent. 63.2 per cent. 8.4 per cent.
66 fraternity men 85.4 per cent. 59.1 per cent. 12.8 per cent.
Smokers, athletes and fraternity men have lower scholarship records than other students.
There is some definite relation existing between smoking, partici- pation in athletics, membership in college fraternities and low scholar- ship. These relations indicate that the factor of smoking can not be isolated from other related factors which may account for differences in age and scholarship. It is very clear, however, that students who use tobacco invariably rank lower in scholarship than students who do not smoke.
Those who are conversant with present conditions in American col- leges, recognize two distinct types of students. President Butler, in his annual report for 1908-09, devotes several pages to a discussion of this subject ; among other things he says :
Not so many years ago there were few boys who went to college without a serious, definite purpose more or less scholarly in character. They were looking forward to the ministry, to teaching or to the practise of law or medicine. Not many of them had in mind a career as merchant, financier or corporation official. With the lapse of time and the increasing wealth of this country, this condition has been very much changed. It is now fashionable to go to college, at least to some colleges, and the attractions of college life and companionship are powerful motives in leading young men to strive to surmount the barrier of college admission. This new type of college student, whether he knows it or not, goes to college primarily for a social, not for an intellectual, purpose. His wish is to share in the attractive associations of an American college; he desires to participate in athletic sports; he hopes in after life to mingle freely and on terms of equality with college-bred men. It is a good thing that boys of this type should go to college, provided that the college will recognize their exist- ence as a type and will deal with them accordingly. To try to turn such men into scholars is a hopeless task. They are not fitted for high scholarship and they do not desire it.