Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 79.djvu/302
298 TEE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY
However, on the other hand, statistics as quoted above tell us that the death rate of infants is abnormally high, that preventable diseases are excessively prevalent, that divorces are too frequent, and that the " unpreparedness of women " is responsible for sickness, disability, de- generacy and resulting misery or maladjustment to society, and that if only the knowledge available for preventing disease could be dissemi- nated and utilized, longevity would be much increased.
These facts show that while the mother in the home by the prepa- ration of food and resulting responsibilities is doing much for race betterment, there is imperative need for greater ability in some way to enable woman to make use of the results of scientific research, in order that there may be in the human race " an increase of vitality, of sound and high mentality, and of sociality."
A practical service of the sociologist is to reveal points at which edu- cational work will tell for race advancement; so an attempt has been made to show that a changed system of education for girls can do much toward a harmonious development of personality, and that this prepa- ration of food for which society has specialized womankind may be fundamentally helpful in individual growth if the housemother can do what she does intelligently and does not do so much of it that she can have no sense of success in it.
The state assumes the right to say what training in its institutions people shall have who intend to practise medicine or dentistry, or law or to teach children in public schools. It ought to assert some control over the training of people who are to be in charge of the consumption of all wealth and of child culture in the home. The ordinary college education is not enough, for many unsuccessful homemakers have that.
The training for educated homemakers should include a thorough knowledge of the subject of personal hygiene with its three divisions : (1) nutrition, or a knowledge of the food requirements of mankind and the best way to provide for them; (2) environment, or a knowledge of air, soil, dwellings, clothing; (3) activity or a knowledge of the cor- rect proportion between exercise and rest.
Each one of these divisions includes many departments of learning. To these subjects should be added a thorough knowledge of sex hygiene. With a knowledge of all these subjects should go an attitude of mind which is able to develop powers equal to one's tasks.