given [sn 1]to all the free-men of our realm, for us and our Heirs for ever, theſe liberties underwritten, to have and to hold to them and their Heirs, of us and our Heirs for ever.
The Relief of the King's Tennant of full Age.
|[sn 2]IF any of our Earls or Barons, or any other, which hold of Us in chief by Knights ſervice, die, and at the time of his death his heir be of full age, and oweth to us Relief, he ſhall have his inheritance by the old Relief; that is to ſay, the heir or heirs of an Earl, for a whole Earldom, by one hundred pound; the heir or heirs of a Baron, for an whole Barony, by one hundred marks; [sn 3] the heir or heirs of a Knight, for one whole Knights fee, one hundred ſhillings at the moſt ; and he that hath leſs, ſhall give leſs, according to the old cuſtom of the fees.
The Wardship of an Heir within Age. The Heir a, Knight.
|[sn 4] But if the heir of any such be within age, his Lord ſhall not have the ward of him, nor of his land,, before, that he hath taken of him homage. (2) And after that ſuch an heir hath been in ward (when he is come to full age) that is to ſay, to the age of one and twenty years, he ſhall have his inheritance without Relief, and without Fine ;[sn 5] ſo that if ſuch an heir, being within age, be made Knight, yet ſnevertheless his land ſhall remain in the keeping of his Lord unto the term aforeſaid.
No Waſte ſhall be made by a Guardian in Wards Lands.
|[sn 6] THE keeper of the land of ſuch an heir, being within age, ſhall not take of the lands of the heir, but reafonable iſſues, reaſonable cuſtoms, and reaſonable ſervices, and that without deſtruction and waſte of his men and his goods.
(2) And if we commit the cuſtody of any ſuch land to the Sheriff, or to any other, which is anſwerable unto us for the iſuſſes of the ſame land, and he make deſtruction or waſte of thoſe things that he hath in cuſtody, we wilt take of him amends  and recompence therefof.(3) and the land ſhall be committed to two lawful and diſcreet men of that fee, which ſhall anſwer unto us for the iſſues of the ſame land, or unto him whom we will aſſign.[sn 7](4) And if we give or ſell to any man the cuſtody of any ſuch land, and he therein do make deſtruction or waſte, he ſhall loſe the ſame cuſtody ; and it ſhall be aſſigned to two lawful and diſcreet men of that fee, which alſo in like manner ſhall be anſwerable to us, as afore is ſaid.
- Confirmed by 52 H. 3. c. ,5. and 42Ed. 3.c.1
- 7 Co. 33,9 Co, 124.,40 Ed. 3. f. 9.,Co. Lit. 76. a., S3. b. 106. a,2 Inst. 5.
- 3 Bulſtr. 325,
Bract. S4. a. Rendered obselete by 12 Car. 2. c. 24 which takes away Kinght's ſervice, &c.
- Hob. 46 ,Fitz. Gard. ,356, 141, 156., 15,Ed. 4, f. 10, Plowd. 1. 267.,6 Co. 73. ,8 Co. 73. , 2 Inſt. 10, 22 Co, 81.
- F.N. B. fo. 269.
Obſ. by 12 Car 2.c. 24, which, takes away Wardship, &c. by reason of Tenure
- Raft. pi. 693.
Fitz. Waft. 15,24, 138, 146.
Co. Lit. 54. a.
12 H.4. f. 53.
2 Inſt.ſ 12.
- Enforced by 6 Ed. I. c. 5, And see 28 Ed. I. stat. 3. c. 18. 14 Ed. 3.stat. I. 13. 36 Ed, I, stat. 1. c. 13. The three laſt Statutes reſtraining Eſchcators from Waſte</ls>Obs. by 12 Car, 3.
- Not in Original