APASTAMBA, APHORISMS ON THE SACRED LAW OF THE HINDUS. pRAtfNA I, PaTALA 1, KuANDA 1. i. Now, therefore, we will declare the acts pro- ductive of merit which form part of the customs of daily life, as they have been settled by the agree- ment (of those who know the law). . The authority (for these duties) is the agree- ment of those who know the law, . And (the authorities for the latter are) the Vedas alone. . (There are) four castes — Br£hma#as, Kshatri- yas, Vaisyas, and .Sttdras. . Amongst these, each preceding (caste) is supe- rior by birth to the one following. . (For all these), excepting .Sttdras and those who have committed bad actions, (are ordained) the initiation, the study of the Veda, and the kindling of . 1. Samaya, 'agreement, decision/ is threefold. It includes injunction, restriction, and prohibition. Dharma, ' acts productive of merit/ usually translated by ' duty or law/ is more accurately explained as an act which produces the quality of the soul called apurva, the cause of heavenfy bliss and of final liberation. . Manu II, 6, 12 ; YsgH. I, 7 ; Gautama I, 1. 6. Manu II, 35.  B Digitized by Google
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