Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 3.djvu/175
��BOOK IV. THE GREAT PLAN.
��water ; the second is fire ; the third, wood ; the fourth, metal ; and the fifth, earth. (The nature of) water is to soak and descend ; of fire, to blaze and ascend ; of wood, to be crooked and straight ; of metal, to yield and change ; while (that of) earth is seen in seed-sowing and in-gathering. That which soaks and descends becomes salt ; that which blazes and ascends becomes bitter ; that which is crooked and straight becomes sour ; that which yields and changes becomes acrid ; and from seed-sowing and in-gathering comes sweetness/
ii. ' Second, of the five (personal) matters l . The first is the bodily demeanour ; the second, speech ; the third, seeing ; the fourth, hearing ; the fifth, thinking. (The virtue of) the bodily appearance is respectfulness ; of speech, accordance (with reason) ; of seeing, clearness ; of hearing, distinctness ; of thinking, perspicaciousness. The respectfulness be- comes manifest in gravity; accordance (with reason), in orderliness ; the clearness, in wisdom ; the dis- tinctness, in deliberation ; and the perspicaciousness, in sageness/
iii. 'Third, of the eight (objects of) government 2 .
produce "the various verifications;" communicated to organisms, they produce the different natures, hard and soft, good and evil ; working out their results in the changes of those organisms, they necessitate here benevolence and there meanness, here longevity and there early death : all these things are from the operation of the five hsing. But if we speak of them in their simplest and most important character, they are what man's life depends on, what the people cannot do without.' After all this, I should still be sorry to be required to say what the five hsing are.
1 These five 'matters' are represented as being in the human person what the five hsing are in nature. Demeanour is the human correspondency of water, speech that of fire, &c.
2 Medhurst calls the eight (objects of) government ' the eight