204 THE SHU KING. PART v.
Shan the king of Yin, who went quite astray, and became abandoned to drunkenness/
5. The duke of K&\ said, ' Oh ! I have heard it said that, in the case of the ancients, (their ministers) warned and admonished them, protected and loved them, taught and instructed them ; and among the people there was hardly one who would impose on them by extravagant language or de- ceiving tricks. If you will not listen to this (and profit by it), your ministers will imitate you, and so the correct laws of the former kings, both small and great, will be changed and disordered. The people, blaming you, will disobey and rebel in their hearts ; yea, they will curse you with their mouths/
6. The duke of A^au said, ' Oh ! those kings of Yin, ATung 3ung, Kao 3 un g> an d 3u-/ia, with king Wan of our ^Tau, these four men carried their knowledge into practice. If it was told them, " The lower people murmur against you and revile you," then they paid great and reverent attention to their conduct ; and with reference to the faults imputed to them they said, " Our faults are really so," thus not simply shrinking from the cherishing of anger. If you will not listen to this (and profit by it), when men with extravagant language and deceptive tricks say to you, " The lower people are murmuring against you and reviling you," you will believe them. Doing this, you will not be always thinking of your princely duties, and will not cultivate a large and generous heart. You will confusedly punish the guiltless, and put the innocent to death. There will be a general murmuring, which will be con- centrated upon your person/