Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/304

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1. Present Indicative.
s. d. p.
1 क्रिये
kriyé
क्रियावहे
kriyā́vahe
क्रियामहे
kriyā́mahe
etc. etc. etc.
2. Present Subjunctive.

b. The forms noticed as occurring in the older language are alone here instanced:

s. d. p.
1 kriyāí kriyā́mahāi
2 kriyā́dhvāi
3 kriyā́te
kriyā́tāi
kriyā́ntāi

c. The 3d pl. ending antāi is found once (ucyantāi K.).

3. Present Optative.
1 क्रियेय
kriyéya
क्रियेवहि
kriyévahi
क्रियेमहि
kriyémahi
etc. etc. etc.

d. No forms of the passive optative chance to occur in RV. or AV.; they are found, however, in the Brāhmaṇas. ChU. has once dhmāyīta.

4. Present Imperative.
2 क्रियस्व
kriyásva
क्रियेथाम्
kriyéthām
क्रियध्वम्
kriyádhvam
etc. etc. etc.
5. Present Participle.

e. This is made with the suffix मान māna: thus, क्रियमाण kriyámāṇa.

f. In use, this participle is well distinguished from the other passive participle by its distinctively present meaning: thus, kṛtá done, but kriyámāṇa in process of doing, or being done.

6. Imperfect.
1 अक्रिये
ákriye
अक्रियावहि
ákriyāvahi
अक्रियामहि
ákriyāmahi
etc. etc. etc.

g. The passive-sign is never resolved into ia in the Veda.

772. The roots tan and khan usually form their passives from parallel roots in ā: thus, tāyáte, khāyáte (but also tanyate, khan-