Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/409

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stems in अ a (733 a): it will be sufficient to give here in general the first persons of the different formations, taking as model the stem धारय dhāráya, from √धृ dhṛ. Thus:

1. Present Indicative.
active.
s. d. p.
1 धारयामि
dhāráyāmi
धारयावस्
dhāráyāvas
धारयामस्
dhāráyāmas
etc. etc. etc.
middle.
s. d. p.
1 धारये
dhāráye
धारयावहे
dhāráyāvahe
धारयामहे
dhāráyāmahe
etc. etc. etc.

a. The 1st pl. act. in masi greatly outnumbers (as ten to one) that in mas in both RV. and AV. No example occurs of 2d pl. act. in thana, nor of 3d sing. mid. in e for ate.

2. Present Subjunctive.

For the subjunctive may be instanced all the forms noted as occurring in the older language:

active.
1 dhāráyāṇi dhāráyāva dhāráyāma
2 dhāráyāsi dhāráyāthas dhāráyātha
dhāráyās
3 dhāráyāti dhāráyātas dhāráyān
dhāráyāt
middle.
1 dhāráyāi dhāráyāvahāi
2 dhāráyāse dhāráyādhve
dhāráyādhvāi
3 dhāráyāte dhāráyāite
dhāráyātāi

b. Only one dual mid. form in āite occurs: mādáyāite (RV.). The only RV. mid. form in āi, except in 1st du., is mādayādhvāi. The primary endings in 2d and 3d sing. act. are more common than the secondary.

3. Present Optative.


active.
1 घारयेयम्
dhāráyeyam
धारयेव
dhāráyeva
धारयेम
dhāráyema
etc. etc. etc.