General Albert Sidney Johnston. 133
The Confederate Career of General Albert Sidney Johnston.
A Keview by General BASIL W. DUKE, of Kentucky.
- [In addjtioh to our brief notices of Colonel William Preston Johnston s .-Memoir of .his .Father, we had intended preparing a review which should k,etch tha;career of the great soldier more fully; but General Basil W. Duke has (with the experience of the gallant soldier and the pen of a "ready writer ") performed the task so much better than we could do, that we cheer- fully give place to his graceful, loving tribute. We only regret that the pressure u'p'drr Our pages compells us to omit that portion of General Duke's paper which reviews the first part of the book and the earlier life of General Johnston, and to give only that which treats of his Confederate career.]
In 1860 General Johnston was placed in command of the De- partment of California, and proceeded in pursuance of orders to San Francisco, where he remained until superseded by General Sumner, April 25, 1861 ; he had previously, on April 10, forwarded his resignation as an officer of the United States army. General Johnston was, of course, accused by the Union press, as was every other officer who quitted the service of the United States Government to enter that of the Confederacy, of disloyal attempts, antecedent to the acceptance of his resignation, to assist 'the Southern cause. Colonel Johnston, by the best and most unim- peachable contemporary testimony, has refuted all such charges which, indeed, with those who knew Albert S. Johnston, needed no answer. As he made no secret, after learning that his resignation had been accepted, "of his intention to offer his sword to the Con- federacy;' it became necessary, in order to reach the seceded States rhdeed;'to'escWp'e'from California and avoid arrest that he should erftsk thV ' plains' ori hofse'ba'ck:,' as return by' sea was -hot-to" -"be tfiought of. 1 ' He 'accordingly made -this arduous journey, escorted b*y a few devoted -Mends and followers who meant to 'share his fortunes, and' 'arrived in Texas, 'to be welcomed ^with a burst of joy and congratulation' whiclr spread through tBe 'Confeder'acy. He had already been -appointed so soon, in fact,- as Mr'. Davis learned of his resignation- one; of the five "Generals," for the appointment" 6f whom' the Confederate Congress had made provision. These five Generals 'were -ran'ked as follows: 1. S. Cooper, Adjutant- Genera'iy2:-A.-S. Johnston; 3. R. E. Lee; 4. J. E. Johnston; 5. G. T.' BeaUregardv General Johnston was assigned on the 10th Sep- fember, 1861, to the command of Department No. 2, embracing, as described in the order assigning him to it, "The States of Tennessee