General Stuart's Expedition into Pennsylvania. 479
Headquarters Cavalry Division, October gth, 1862.
Soldiers, — You are about to engage in an enterprise which, to insure success, imperatively demands at your iiands, coolness, deci- sion and bravery — implicit obedience to orders, without question or cavil, and the strictest order and sobriety on the march and in bivouac.
The destination and extent of this expedition had better be kept to myself than known to you. Suffice it to say, that with the hearty co-operation of officers and men, I have not a doubt of its success — a success which will reflect credit in the highest degree upon your arms.
The orders which are herewith published for your government are absolutely necessary, and must be rigidly enforced.
(Signed), J. E. B. Stuart,
Major- General Commanding.
Headquarters Cavalry Division, October 9, 1862. Orders, No. 18 :
During the expedition into the enemy's country, on which this command is about to engage, brigade commanders will make ar- rangements for seizing horses, the property of citizens of the United States, and all other property subject to legal capture, provided that in no case will any species of property be taken except by authority given in person or in writing of the commander of brigade, regi- ment, or captain of a company in the absence of his superior officers. In all cases, a simple receipt will be given to the effect that the arti- cle is seized for the use of the Confederate States, giving place, date and name of owners, in order to enable the individual to have re- course upon his Government for damage.
Individual plunder for private use is positively forbidden, and every instance must be punished in the severest manner, for an army of plunderers consummates its own destruction. The capture of anything will not give the captor any individual claim, and all horses and equipments will be kept to be apportioned upon the re- turn of the expedition, through the entire division. Brigade com- manders will arrange to have one-third of their respective commands